This day in military history..

November 26

1863 - American Civil War: Mine Run - Union forces under General George Meade position against troops led by Confederate General Robert E. Lee.
1865 - Battle of Papudo: The Spanish navy engages a combined Peruvian-Chilean fleet north of Valparaiso, Chile.
1939 - Shelling of Mainila: The Soviet Army orchestrates the incident which is used to justify the start of the Winter War with Finland four days later.
1941 - World War II: Attack on Pearl Harbor - A fleet of six aircraft carriers commanded by Japanese Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo leaves Hitokapu Bay for Pearl Harbor under strict radio silence.
1941 - World War II: The Hull note ultimatum is delivered to Japan by the United States.
1942 - World War II: Yugoslav Partisans convene the first meeting of the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia at Bihać in northwestern Bosnia.
1950 - Korean War: Troops from the People's Republic of China move into North Korea and launch a massive counterattack against South Korean and American forces (Battle of Chosin Reservoir), ending any hopes of a quick end to the conflict.
1968 - Vietnam War: United States Air Force helicopter pilot James P. Fleming rescues an Army Special Forces unit pinned down by Viet Cong fire and is later awarded the Medal of Honor.
1943 Fighting at Pabu Hill, New Guinea 2/43rd Battalion repulses strong Japanese attacks on Pabu Hill, New Guinea. The 2/43rd Battalion, from South Australia, held Pabu, one of the outlying features near Sattelberg, against strong Japanese attacks.
November 27

1863 - American Civil War: Confederate cavalry leader John Hunt Morgan and several of his men escape the Ohio state prison and return safely to the South.
1940 - Battle of Cape Spartivento: The Royal Navy engages the Regia Marina in the Mediterranean.
1942 - At Toulon, the French navy scuttles its ships and submarines to keep them out of Nazi hands.
1965 - Vietnam War: The Pentagon tells U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson that if planned operations were to succeed, the number of American troops in Vietnam has to be increased from 120,000 to 400,000.
1939 Inauguration of the Empire Air Training Scheme - Over 37,000 Australian airmen trained under the scheme, in Australia, Canada and Rhodesia, one of the Commonwealth's greatest achievements in wartime.
1941 HMAS Parramatta was sunk by a German submarine in the Mediterranean near Tobruk. The Parramatta was part of the navy's 'Tobruk ferry', whose destroyers and sloops kept the besieged port supplied.
1941: In their advance toward Moscow under extremely difficult wintry conditions, units of 9.Armee (Strauss) reach the Volga Canal 60 miles NW of the Soviet capital. Some armed parols have penetrated the western suburbs of the city and got a good look at the Kremlin. Continuing their occupation of Vichy France, German troops take the naval base of Toulon as the vessels of the French fleet stationed there are scuttled by their own crews.
1943: In southern Italy, the British 8th Army begins an offensive across the Sangro river.
1944: In Hungary, the Red Army breaks through the German-Hungarian defensive lines and captures Mohacs.

Sort Of. During Operation Torch, the North African Coast was occupied by forces of Vichy France.

Within the Vichy forces there was a group of pro-Vichy Officiers and another group that was very pro-Allies. Some French fought for Vichy, while others switched sides the moment the Allies stepped on the beach.

The reality was that Eisenhower had misjudged th anamosity between the vichy French and the UK. These pro-Vichy Officiers were really more anti-British than pro-German. The French upset at being shelled by the RN at Mers el Kabir in 1940 some of them also felt that the UK had abandoned them in 1940. In short, it was a RN-FN rivalry that went alittle too far, the blame probably the French Vichy Navy for letting their pride swell their heads.

So certain Vichy French offered a token resistence for about 2 days before they switched sides. What happened was leader of the pro-Vichy Admiral Darlan was assasinated by the French Resistence this allowed Eisenhower (who was playing moderator between the French and British) to put in General Giraud in charge. Giraud was very pro-Allies. Once that happened (About a Week after the inital invasion), Giraud united all the Vichy French and began to attack german positions in North Africa.
ahh merci beaucoup mmarsh :)

Thats what i thought really.. Cause I knew that France was with the allies, and I also knew that they resisted them as well, so I was confused and wanted explanation.

Thanx again comrade
November 28

1095 - On the last day of the Council of Clermont, Pope Urban II appoints Bishop Adhemar of Le Puy and Count Raymond IV of Toulouse to lead the First Crusade to the to the Holy Land.
1443 - Skanderbeg and his forces liberate Kruja, in Middle Albania and raise the Albanian flag.
1862 - American Civil War: In the Battle of Cane Hill, Union troops under General John Blunt defeat General John Marmaduke's Confederates.
1943 - World War II: Tehran Conference - US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meet in Tehran to discuss war strategy.
1944 - Albania is liberated by the Albanian partisans.
1964 - Vietnam War: National Security Council members agree to recommend that US President Lyndon B. Johnson adopt a plan for a two-stage escalation of bombing in North Vietnam.
1965 - Vietnam War: In response to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson's call for "more flags" in Vietnam, Philippines President Elect Ferdinand Marcos announces he will send troops to help fight in South Vietnam.
1941: Overextended and short of supplies, III.Panzerkorps of Panzergruppe 1 evacuates Rostov-on-Don and withdraws to the Mius river 30 miles to the west.
1942 Flight Sergeant R.H. Middleton, RAAF, attached to No. 149 Squadron, Bomber Command, RAF, wins the Victoria Cross after a raid on Turin, Italy. This was a Posthumous award. Though terribly wounded, Middleton kept his damaged bomber flying, saving the lives of his crew at the cost of his own. Middleton came from Sydney, New South Wales.
MightyMacbeth said:
I want to know something.. did the french during ww2 resist the allies at some point??

Britains wanted overtake French navy, but that caused many battles between French and Britains. Most famous is battle in Tangiere port.

Battles were in Syria and Northern Africa.

Tens of thousands frenchmen fought in German Army, including Waffen-SS (33. SS-division "Charlemagne"). Often they brutally killed after war.

There are very few resisters until summer 1944.

In 1940 De Gaulle was only rebeller and legal government located in Vichy.

That`s what I know about what you asked.
MightyMacbeth said:
ahhh thanx..

about tomtoms post, didnt know the allied leaders met in Iran, fascinating.. any reasons as to why?

ok... here what you wanna know about Teheran conference in 1943

We the President of the United States, the Prime Minister of Great Britain, and the Premier of the Soviet Union, have met these four days past, in this, the Capital of our Ally, Iran, and have shaped and confirmed our common policy.

Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met for the first time in Tehran, Iran (November 28-December 1, 1943) to discuss military operations against Germany and begin talks on post-war political issues.

Stalin agreed to pressure German forces while the Western Allies prepared for their invasion. The Soviets also agreed to join the fight against Japan once Germany was defeated.

They also decided over variety of important issues like the date of possible attack against Germans (operation overlord), assisting Yugoslavian rebells and asking Turkey to enter the war and accepting the territorial integrity of Iran (however Stalin didn't pull the red army until March 1946).....

Iran, later, named as The Bridge of Victory

Declaration of the Three Powers, December 1, 1943

The Governments of the United States, the U.S.S.R., and the United Kingdom recognize the assistance which Iran has given in the prosecution of the war against the common enemy, particularly by facilitating the transportation of supplies from overseas to the Soviet Union.

The Three Governments realize that the war has caused special economic difficulties for Iran, and they are agreed that they will continue to make available to the Government of Iran such economic assistance as may be possible, .........
November 29

1945 - The Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia is declared.
1947 - The United Nations General Assembly votes to partition Palestine.
1950 - Korean War: North Korean and Chinese troops force United Nations forces to retreat from North Korea.
1952 - Korean War: U.S. President-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower fulfills a campaign promise by traveling to Korea to find out what can be done to end the conflict.
1967 - Vietnam War: U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara announces his resignation.
1982 - Soviet invasion of Afghanistan: The United Nations General Assembly passes United Nations Resolution 37/37, stating that Soviet Union forces should withdraw from Afghanistan.
1990 - Gulf War: The United Nations Security Council passes UN Security Council Resolution 678, authorizing military intervention in Iraq if that nation did not withdraw its forces from Kuwait and free all foreign hostages by January 15, 1991.
1940: British and New Zealand troops under General Freyberg occupy the Greek island of Crete in the Mediterranean.
1941: Depleted by continuous savage fighting and extreme weather conditions in below-zero temperatures, German forces of Heeresgruppe Mitte (von Bock) in positions less than 50 miles from Moscow suspend all offensive operations.
1942: Prime minister Churchill warns the Italian government that RAF bombing of Italian cities will continue until Italy abandons the war.
1943: Beginning of the Tehran Conference between Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin to discuss the future of postwar Germany and Poland.
1950 Teadong River crossing secured The 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, secures the Teadong River ferry crossing, Korea. This was one of only two north-south roads available for the US Eighth Army's retreat in the face of Chinese forces. 3RAR secured the crossing and protected it from Chinese and North Korean infiltrators.
1968 Communists vow to smash Phoenix program - The Viet Cong High Command orders an all-out attempt to smash the Phoenix program. Hanoi Radio broadcasted a National Liberation Front directive calling for a new offensive to "utterly destroy" Allied forces.
1971 The U.S. 23rd Division (Americal) ceases combat operations and begins its withdrawal from South Vietnam. The division had been activated in Vietnam on September 25, 1967, after which it assumed control of the 11th, 198th, and 199th Infantry Brigades (and associated support troops). Its headquarters was at Chu Lai in I Corps Tactical Zone and division troops conducted operations in Quang Nam, Quang Tri, and Quang Ngai Provinces.
November 30

1782 - American Revolutionary War: In Paris, representatives from the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain sign preliminary peace articles (later formalized in the 1783 Treaty of Paris).
1853 - Crimean War: The Russian navy destroys the Ottoman fleet at the Battle of Sinop.
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Franklin - The Army of Tennessee led by General John Bell Hood mounts a dramatically unsuccessful frontal assault on Union positions around Franklin, Tennessee (Hood lost six generals and almost a third of his troops).
1939 - Winter War: Soviet forces invade Finland and reach the Mannerheim Line, starting the war. Red Army crosses the Soviet-Finnish border with 465,000 men and 1,000 aircraft. Helsinki was bombed, and 61 Finns were killed in an air raid that steeled the Finns for resistance, not capitulation.
1943 - World War II: Tehran Conference - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet leader Josef Stalin establish an agreement concerning a planned June 1944 invasion of Europe codenamed Operation Overlord.
1972 - Vietnam War: White House Press Secretary Ron Ziegler tells the press that there will be no more public announcements concerning American troop withdrawals from Vietnam due to the fact that troop levels are now down to 27,000.
1965 McNamara warns Johnson that communists are gaining strength in South Vietnam - Following a visit to South Vietnam, Defense Secretary McNamara reports in a memorandum to President Lyndon B. Johnson that the South Vietnamese government of Nguyen Cao Ky "is surviving, but not acquiring wide support or generating actions."
MightyMacbeth said:
ahaaaa.. then Iran is an old allie!

wow, thats interesting


You mean you haven't heard about the Shah's overthrow in 1979 and the 400+ days that personnel from the US embassy were held hostage? Prior to 1979 the Shah's government was indeed a close ally of the western nations - most specifically the US. It was his regime that inspired much of the anti-US feelings in that country.
December 1

1943: Conclusion of the Tehran Conference, with the three Allies in substantial agreement on the division of postwar Germany and the westward movement of the Polish eastern and western frontiers. The Soviets had also put forth the notion of the summary execution of 50,000 German officers, but this was rejected by the Allies.
1942 HMAS Armidale was sunk by Japanese aircraft near Timor. As the Armidale sank Able Seaman Teddy Sheehan fired at attacking bombers until he was lost with his ship.
1951 Air battle over Sunchon, North Korea In this, the largest air-to-air battle fought by the RAAF during the Korean war, twelve 77 Squadron Meteors met between 40-50 Chinese Mig-15s. The fight precipitated a change from an air interception to a ground attack role for No. 77 Squadron.
1925 - World War I aftermath: - The final Locarno Treaty is signed in London, establishing post-war territorial settlements.
1941 - World War II: Mayor of New York City, Fiorello LaGuardia, and the director of the Office of Civilian Defense, sign an order creating the Civil Air Patrol.
1964 - Vietnam War: US President Lyndon B. Johnson and his top-ranking advisers meet to discuss plans to bomb North Vietnam.
1969 - Vietnam War: The first draft lottery in the United States since World War II is held.
1971 - Cambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray.
1973 - Papua New Guinea gains self government from Australia.
3 December
1915 Siege of Kut begins in Mesopotamia.Nine members of the Australian Flying Corps serving with 30 Squadron, Royal Flying Corps, became trapped in Kut with the forces of Major General Charles Townsend when the town was besieged by the Turks. The Kut garrison surrendered in April 1916.
1914 First AIF disembarked in Egypt Though many had expected to go to Britain, after Turkey's entry into the war the first Australian troops were sent to Egypt to protect the vital Suez Canal.
1954 No. 77 Squadron RAAF returns from Korea 77 Squadron achieved a high level of operational performance throughout the war, flying Mustangs and then Meteors.

1942: Several German divisions ordered transferred from western Europe begin arriving in the area of Heeresgruppe Don (von Manstein) SW of Stalingrad in preparation of Operation Winter Tempest, the relief of the encircled 6.Armee (von Paulus).
1943: The RAF launches a heavy raid against Leipzig.
1944: Armored units of the US 3rd Army (Patton) succeed in penetrating the fortified German lines of the Westwall (Siegfried Line) near Saarlautern.

1944 - The Greek Civil War breaks out in a newly-liberated Greece, between communists and royalists.
1971 - Indo-Pakistani War of 1971: After Pakistan launches airstrikes on Indian airfields, India retaliates by invading East Pakistan.