This day in military history.. - Page 13

December 18th, 2005  

18 December

1940: Hitler issues Directive No. 21, ordering plans for the preparation of Operation Barbarossa, the attack against the Soviet Union, to be submitted by May 15, 1941.
1941: Field Marshal von Brauchitsch resigns as head of OKH, Hitler himself assuming personal command of the Heer, especially of its operations on the Eastern front.
1944: In the West, Operation Wacht am Rhein begins to bog down in the face of stiffened US resistance and lack of adequate logistical support, notably fuel for the armored Kampfgruppen of Dietrich's and Manteuffel's armies.

1944: 'Arty' Hill, Bougainville, captured - 'Arty Hill', as it was known, was captured by the Queensland 9th Battalion, and was a major Japanese position on the Numa Numa Trail leading across Bougainville.

218 BC - Second Punic War: Battle of the Trebia - Hannibal's Carthaginian forces defeat those of the Roman Republic.
1961 - Indonesia invades Netherlands New Guinea.

1862: Battle of Lexington, Tennessee - Confederate cavalry leader General Nathan Bedford Forrest routs a Union force under the command of Colonel Robert Ingersoll on a raid into western Tennessee, an area held by the Union.
1916: Battle of Verdun ends - The Battle of Verdun, the longest engagement of World War I, ends on this day after ten months and close to a million total casualties suffered by German and French troops.
1941: Japan invades Hong Kong - Japanese troops land in Hong Kong and a slaughter ensues. A week of air raids over Hong Kong, a British crown colony, was followed up on December 17 with a visit paid by Japanese envoys to Sir Mark Young, the British governor of Hong Kong. The envoys' message was simple: The British garrison there should simply surrender to the Japanese--resistance was futile. The envoys were sent home with the following retort: "The governor and commander in chief of Hong Kong declines absolutely to enter into negotiations for the surrender of Hong Kong. ..."
On this same day in 1941: Censorship is imposed with the passage of the 1st American War Powers Act- The War Powers Act is passed by Congress, authorizing the president to initiate and terminate defense contracts, reconfigure government agencies for wartime priorities, and regulate the freezing of foreign assets. It also permitted him to censor all communications coming in and leaving the country.
1972: Nixon announces start of "Christmas Bombing" of North Vietnam - Following the breakdown of peace talks with North Vietnam just a few days earlier, President Richard Nixon announces the beginning of a massive bombing campaign to break the stalemate. For nearly two weeks, in Operation Linebacker II, American bombers pounded North Vietnam.

December 19th, 2005  
Originally Posted by tomtom22
If you can find anything in military history on the 17th of December earlier than the 20th century, then post it.
heh, but uhh, ur the expert on finding those sites.
Everytime i try to find this day in history, specially military, its really rare to find.
Wonder how u get all those..

Good job anyway
December 19th, 2005  

Originally Posted by MightyMacbeth
heh, but uhh, ur the expert on finding those sites.
Everytime i try to find this day in history, specially military, its really rare to find.
Wonder how u get all those..
Good job anyway
My sources are always listed after each item. Thanks for the compliment.
December 19th, 2005  
The Cooler King
December 19, 1939 - A British destroyer intercepts Columbus, a German passenger liner, 450 miles east of Cape May, New Jersey. Columbus is subsequentlyscuttled.

December 19, 1940 - Secretary of the Navy is given control and jurisdiction overthe Pacific island of Palmyra.

December 19, 1941 - Hitler takes complete command of the German Army.

December 19, 1943 - The Japanese destroyer Namukaze is sunk by the submarine USS Grayback (SS-208 ) off the Ryukyu Islands.

December 19, 1944 - The Japanese carrier Unryu is sunk by the submarine USS Redfish (SS-395) in the East China Sea.

I hope you don't mind Tom.
December 20th, 2005  

Originally Posted by The Cooler King
I hope you don't mind Tom.
I don't mind at all. This thread is everyone's to post on. If you noticed I have waited until very late in the day before posting in the hopes that others will take an interest. I try to get an international flavor as much as possible, e.g. Australian, German etc. Be my guest!

December 20th, 2005  

Topic: Busy day!

20 December

1941: German forces of Heeresgruppe Mitte retreating from the front before Moscow reach new defensive lines more than 100 m to the west where, following strict orders by Hitler, they are to stand and fight off any further Soviet advances.
1944: In their torturous advance toward the Meuse river, armored units of 6.SS-Panzerarmee capture Stavelot, searching for Allied fuel dumps to replenish their near- exhausted supplies of gasoline.

1915: Last Australian troops evacuated from Gallipoli - The evacuation of Gallipoli, largely planned by Brigadier General C.B.B. White, was a triumph of careful planning and bold execution. 1917:Second conscription referendum held in Australia - With the AIF further weakened by the losses of 1917, W.M. Hughes again asked Australians to vote for conscription for overseas service. The proposal was again defeated.source:

1522 - Suleiman the Magnificent accepts the surrender of the surviving Knights of Rhodes, who are allowed to evacuate. They eventually re-settle on Malta and become known as the Knights of Malta.
1989 - Operation Just Cause: United States sends troops into Panama to overthrow government of Manuel Noriega.
1995 - NATO begins peacekeeping in Bosnia.

1862: Raid on Holly Springs, Mississippi - Confederate General Earl Van Dorn thwarts Union General Ulysses S. Grant's first attempt to capture Vicksburg, Mississippi, when Van Dorn attacks Grant's supplies at Holly Springs, Mississippi.
1914: First Battle of Champagne begins - After minor skirmishes, the First Battle of Champagne begins in earnest, marking the first major Allied attack against the Germans since the initiation of trench warfare on the Western Front.
1941: Hitler to Halder: No retreat! - On this day, in one of his first acts as the new commander in chief of the German army, Adolf Hitler informs General Franz Halder that there will be no retreating from the Russian front near Moscow. "The will to hold out must be brought home to every unit!" Halder was also informed that he could stay on as chief of the general army staff if he so chose, but only with the understanding that Hitler alone was in charge of the army's movements and strategies.
1963: Berlin Wall opened for first time - More than two years after the Berlin Wall was constructed by East Germany to prevent its citizens from fleeing its communist regime, nearly 4,000 West Berliners are allowed to cross into East Berlin to visit relatives. Under an agreement reached between East and West Berlin, over 170,000 passes were eventually issued to West Berlin citizens, each pass allowing a one-day visit to communist East Berlin.
December 20th, 2005  
The Cooler King
December 20, 1939
Submarine tender Bushnell (AS-2), operating out of Tutuila, Samoa, as a survey ship under the auspices of the Hydrographic Office, completes Pacific Island surveys, having covered a total of 76,000 nautical square miles since commencing that work on 1 July.

Heavy cruiser Tuscaloosa (CA-37) disembarks scuttled German passenger liner Columbus's "distressed mariners" at Ellis Island, New York City.

Destroyer Twiggs (DD-127), on neutrality patrol in Yucatan Channel, relieves Evans (DD-78 ) of duty trailing British RFA tanker Patella.

German armored ship Admiral Graf Spee's former commanding officer, Kapitan zur See Hans Langsdorff, commits suicide at Montevideo, Uruguay.

U.S. freighter Exochorda arrives at Naples with the 45 tons of tin plate condemned by the British prize court at Gibraltar among her cargo, having been permitted to sail by her master's agreeing to ship the 45 tons of tin to Marseilles from Genoa. Another 100 tons of tin, however, consigned to a Swiss buyer, are put on the "detained list" and held in Genoa at the disposal of the British consul. That turn of affairs prompts U.S. Ambassador in Italy William Phillips, to take up the matter with the British Ambassador, who expresses his awareness of the "irritation and American commercial and shipping circles" over the seemingly "arbitrary, careless, and casual" methods shown by the British contraband control people.

U.S. freighters Oakwood, bound for Genoa, Italy, and Executive, bound for Greece, Turkey, and Rumania, are detained by British authorities at Gibraltar.

December 20, 1940
President Roosevelt names a four-man defense board, to be headed by industrialist William A. Knudsen, to prepare defense measures and expedite aid to Great Britain.

December 20, 1941
In the wake of the signing of Executive Order No. 8984, Admiral Ernest J. King is announced as the designated Commander in Chief U.S. Fleet.
SBDs (VB 6 and VS 6) from carrier Enterprise accidentally bomb submarine Pompano (SS-181) twice, at 2010'N, 16528'W, and 2015'N, 16540'W.

PBY (VP 23) arrives at Wake Island to deliver information to the garrison concerning the relief efforts then underway.

Survivors of U.S. freighter Lahaina (sunk on 11 December by Japanese submarine I 9), aided by Coast Guard cutter Tiger, reach land at Sprecklesville Beach, near Kahului, Maui, having lost four of their number during their ordeal in their one lifeboat.

Japanese troops land at Davao, Mindanao, P.I.

Unarmed U.S. tankship Emidio is shelled, torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine I 17 about 25 miles west of Cape Mendocino, California, 4033'N, 12500'W (see 21 December).

Unarmed U.S. tanker Agwiworld is shelled by Japanese submarine I 23 off the coast of California, 3700'N, 12200'W.

December 20, 1942
Submarine Amberjack (SS-219) is damaged by depth charges off northern Solomons, 0710'S, 15521'E, but remains on patrol.

Submarine Seadragon (SS-194) sinks Japanese submarine I-4 between New Britain and New Ireland, 0502'S, 15233'E, while I-4 is engaged in a resupply mission to Guadalcanal.

Submarine Trigger (SS-237) lays mines off Inubo Zaki, Honshu; one immediately sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Mutsuki Maru south of Daiozaki, Japan, 3545'N, 14055'E, as the enemy freighter happens by in the midst of the submarine's minelaying operation.

Light minelayer Gamble (DM-15) lays mines to reinforce minefield laid at Espiritu Santo on 3 August 1942.

Gunboat Tulsa (PG-22) is damaged when she runs aground in Milne Bay, New Guinea, 1015'S, 14927'E.

December 20, 1944
Organized Japanese resistance ends on Leyte.

Submarine Sealion (SS-315) damages San Fernando-bound Japanese supply ship Mamiya in the South China Sea about 450 miles northeast of Cam Ranh Bay, French Indochina, 1748'N, 11409'E, and escapes the attention of escorts, destroyer Kari and Coast Defense Vessel No.17.

Dutch Mitchells sink Japanese netlayer Shoeki Maru in Flores Sea, 0700'S, 12000'E.

Tank landing ship LST-359 is sunk about 440 miles southwest of Cape Finisterre, 4204'N, 1908'W, and destroyer escort Fogg (DE-57) damaged, 4302'N, 1919'W, by German submarine U-870.

December 20-24 - Japanese air raids on Calcutta, India.
December 21st, 2005  
Great stuff, Cooler King!
December 21st, 2005  
The Cooler King
You're not doing too bad yourself there Tom. Keep up the good work and maybe we keep teach these scallywags a thing or two.

December 21, 1939
Destroyer Twiggs (DD-127), on neutrality patrol in Yucatan Channel, continues trailing British RFA tanker Patella.

December 21, 1941
PBY (VP 23) departs Wake Island; Japanese concern over the potential presence of patrol planes at Wake, occasioned by the large amount of radio traffic that accompanies the sole PBY's arrival at the island, prompts advancing the date of the first carrier strikes. Consequently, planes from carriers Soryu and Hiryu bomb Wake Island for the first time. Later that day, land attack planes (Chitose Kokutai) bomb Wake.

Naval local defense forces in Philippine Islands (Rear Admiral Francis W. Rockwell) move headquarters to Corregidor.

Destroyer Paul Jones (DD-230) is damaged when her starboard propeller strikes a sunken object off Makassar, N.E.I.

Coast Guard cutter Shawnee rescues 31 survivors of U.S. tanker Emidio, sunk the previous day by I 17 off Cape Mendocino, California, from Blunt's Reef Lightship.

Light cruiser Omaha (CL-4) and destroyer Somers (DD-381), operating out of Recife, Brazil, encounter darkened ship that acts suspicious and evasive when challenged. Omaha fires starshell and illuminates the stranger; Somers sends armed boarding party that learns that the merchantman nearly fired upon is Soviet freighter Nevastroi.

Destroyer Edison (DD-439), in TU 4.1.3 en route to MOMP to pick up convoy ON 47, depth-charges sound contact without result.

December 21, 1942
Submarine S-35 (SS-140) is damaged by electrical fire while on patrol off Amchitka, Aleutians.

Japanese army cargo ship Hakuyo Maru is sunk by aircraft (nationality unspecified) near Rabaul.

December 21, 1943
PBYs from Attu, Aleutians, bomb Shimushu, Paramushiro Strait, Kuriles.
Coastal transport APc-2 is damaged by dive bomber off New Britain, 06°12'S, 149°03'E.

Submarine Grayback (SS-208 ) sinks Japanese auxiliary netlayer Kashiwa Maru and merchant passenger/cargo ship Konan Maru south-southwest of Kagoshima, Japan, 30°26'N, 129°58'E.

Submarine Sailfish (SS-192) sinks Japanese transport Uyo Maru off Miyazaki, 32°38'N, 132°04'E.

Submarine Skate (SS-305) sinks Japanese fleet tanker Terukawa Maru northwest of Truk, Carolines, 09°45'N, 151°56'E.

USAAF B-25s sink small Japanese cargo vessel Matsushima Maru at Wewak.

Coast Guard cutter Bodega (WYP 342), damaged by grounding on 20 December off Margarita Point, is abandoned.

December 21, 1944
Off Mindoro, kamikazes damage destroyer Foote (DD-511), 11°05'N, 121°20'E, and tank landing ships LST-460 and LST-749, 11°13'N, 121°04'E.

Off Panay, freighter Juan de Fuca is crashed by a suicide plane; the explosion and resultant fire kills 2 and wounds 14 of the 65 embarked Army troops, as well as wounds 2 of the 27-man Armed Guard. Juan de Fuca, although damaged, continues on to Mindoro.

Submarine Sealion (SS-315) carries out second attack on Japanese supply ship Mamiya, and sinks her in the South China Sea, 17°55'N, 114°11'E.

Mines damage Japanese escort vessel Amakusa 680 miles from Kanameiwa and gunboat No.2 Hiyoshi Maru off Etorofu.

December 21, 1945

"Old Blood and Guts" dies

On this day, General George S. Patton, commander of the U.S. 3rd Army, dies from injuries suffered not in battle but in a freak car accident. He was 60 years old.

Descended from a long line of military men, Patton graduated from the West Point Military Academy in 1909. He represented the United States in the 1912 Olympics-as the first American participant in the pentathlon. He did not win a medal. He went on to serve in the Tank Corps during World War I, an experience that made Patton a dedicated proponent of tank warfare.

During World War II, as commander of the U.S. 7th Army, he captured Palermo, Sicily, in 1943 by just such means. Patton's audacity became evident in 1944, when, during the Battle of the Bulge, he employed an unorthodox strategy that involved a 90-degree pivoting move of his 3rd Army forces, enabling him to speedily relieve the besieged Allied defenders of Bastogne, Belgium.

Along the way, Patton's mouth proved as dangerous to his career as the Germans. When he berated and slapped a hospitalized soldier diagnosed with "shell shock," but whom Patton accused of "malingering," the press turned on him, and pressure was applied to cut him down to size. He might have found himself enjoying early retirement had not General Dwight Eisenhower and General George Marshall intervened on his behalf. After several months of inactivity, he was put back to work.

And work he did-at the Battle of the Bulge, during which Patton once again succeeded in employing a complex and quick-witted strategy, turning the German thrust into Bastogne into an Allied counterthrust, driving the Germans east across the Rhine. In March 1945, Patton's army swept through southern Germany into Czechoslovakia-which he was stopped from capturing by the Allies, out of respect for the Soviets' postwar political plans for Eastern Europe.

Patton had many gifts, but diplomacy was not one of them. After the war, while stationed in Germany, he criticized the process of denazification, the removal of former Nazi Party members from positions of political, administrative, and governmental power. His impolitic press statements questioning the policy caused Eisenhower to remove him as U.S. commander in Bavaria. He was transferred to the 15th Army Group, but in December of 1945 he suffered a broken neck in a car accident and died less than two weeks later.
December 21st, 2005  
I really dont know how u find those links from guys but the only one I know gives little to no info, and good if its military related..

nevertheless, I enjoy reading urs