WWII Quiz - Page 174




 
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February 11th, 2009  
MontyB
 
 
Quote:
Originally Posted by Mayser
I know its a German aircraft, so thats where i started and i believe that it was the Arado Ar 65, powered by a 640 hp (477 kW) Rolls-Royce Kestrel VI engine, it had a maximum speed of 211 mph (340 km/h). im not to sure but i also believe that the Arado Ar 67 used the same engine aswell...
Oddly enough so did the Spanish version of the BF 109 and they used those from about 1935 up to the 1960s, before the war they used the Kestral engine and after the war they were refitted with the Merlin engine.
February 11th, 2009  
BritinAfrica
 
 
Monty is correct on this one, it was in fact the BF109.

The Arado 65 was a biplane, production stopped in 1936
February 11th, 2009  
MontyB
 
 
Quote:
Originally Posted by BritinAfrica
Monty is correct on this one, it was in fact the BF109.

The Arado 65 was a biplane, production stopped in 1936
Ok something simple:

1) Name the only winner of the Victoria Cross and Bar of WW2.
2) What aspect of this is unique (ie he is the only person to have achieved this in the history of the VC).
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February 11th, 2009  
BritinAfrica
 
 
Quote:
Originally Posted by MontyB
Ok something simple:

1) Name the only winner of the Victoria Cross and Bar of WW2.
2) What aspect of this is unique (ie he is the only person to have achieved this in the history of the VC).
Captain Charles Upham a New Zealander was the only man to win a bar to his VC in combat during WW2, commanding a Company of New Zealand troops in the Western Desert during the operations which culminated in the attack on El Ruweisat Ridge on the night of 14th-15th July, 1942.

The other two recipients of the VC and bar were non combatants during the Boer War and 1st World War.
February 11th, 2009  
MontyB
 
 
Quote:
Originally Posted by BritinAfrica
Captain Charles Upham a New Zealander was the only man to win a bar to his VC in combat during WW2, commanding a Company of New Zealand troops in the Western Desert during the operations which culminated in the attack on El Ruweisat Ridge on the night of 14th-15th July, 1942.

The other two recipients of the VC and bar were non combatants during the Boer War and 1st World War.
Close enough, although apparently the VC and Bar was won two medical officers during WW1 he remains the only combatant soldier to have won the VC twice.

Charles Upham
VICTORIA CROSS AND BAR

Acknowledged widely as the outstanding soldier of the Second World War, Captain Charles Upham remains the only combatant soldier to have received the Victoria Cross and Bar (awarded to members of the armed forces of the Commonwealth for exceptional bravery). In Crete in May 1941, and the Western Desert in July 1942, Upham distinguished himself with displays of ‘nerveless competence’. Born in Christchurch, New Zealand, in 1908 Upham was educated at Christ’s College and Canterbury Agricultural College, Lincoln. He was a farm manager and then farm valuer before enlisting in the Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force (aged 30) in 1939, quietly citing his reason as a desire to fight for justice.
Courage and Resource
Upham was renowned for combining controlled courage with quick-thinking resourcefulness. While most medals for bravery are awarded for a single act, Upham’s first citation was for nine days of skill, leadership and evident heroism. In March 1941, he was a Second Lieutenant in the 20th NZ Battalion in Crete. His display of courage included: destroying numerous enemy posts; rescuing a wounded man under fire; penetrating deep behind enemy lines and killing twenty-two German soldiers on the way to leading out an isolated platoon. This was all after being blown over by a mortar shell, and with a shrapnel wound in his shoulder and a bullet in his foot.

The incident that exemplified Upham’s courage was when two German soldiers trapped him alone on the fringes of an olive grove. Upham (on his way to warning other troops that they were being cut off) was watched by his helpless platoon, who were some distance away as he was fired on by the Germans. With any movement potentially fatal, he feigned death and with calculated coolness waited for the enemy soldiers to approach. With one arm lame in a sling, he used the crook of a tree to support his rifle and shoot the first assailant, then reloaded with one hand, and shot the second (who was so close as to fall against the barrel of Upham’s rifle).
Gallantry and Determination
Captain Upham's second citation was for his part in the July 1942 attack on Ruweisat Ridge, Egypt, where the New Zealand Division was stranded after promised armoured support failed to come through. As the Allied forces struggled to hold the line, Upham led his company on what was described as a savage attack on German and Italian strongpoints. Upham was personally responsible for destroying a German tank and several guns and vehicles with hand grenades and, though he was shot through the elbow with a machine gun bullet and had his arm shattered, he went on again to a forward position and brought back a number of his men who had become isolated.
He was removed to the regimental aid post, but immediately after his wounds had been dressed he returned to his men. He consolidated and held his position and despite exhaustion, loss of blood and further injuries (as a result of artillery and mortar fire that decimated most of his company) he stayed with the only six remaining members until, now unable to move, he was overrun by enemy forces and captured.

Typifying his character and nickname ‘Pug’, he attempted to escape numerous times before being branded "dangerous" by the Germans and incarcerated in the infamous prison fortress Colditz.



(Left to right) Captain G A Parsons, Captain C H Upham, Captain A H Armour

Permission of the
Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Matauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

On May 11 1945 King George VI pinned an official Victoria Cross onto Charles Upham's uniform. He returned to New Zealand in September and ceased expeditionary service in November 1945. In April 1946 he was an official member of the New Zealand Victory Contingent. Modest Hero
Epitomising a certain strain of Kiwi modesty, Charles Upham was embarrassed by the accolades he received and attempted to avoid international media attention. When the people of Canterbury collected £10,000 for him to purchase a farm in recognition of his gallantry, Upham insisted the money be put towards an educational scholarship for children of returned soldiers.


At the conclusion of the war he returned to New Zealand to resume life as a sheep farmer in Hundalee, an isolated area north of Christchurch. It was rumoured that he never allowed a German-made car or machine onto the farm. He died in 1994. When King George VI enquired of Major-General Kippenberger whether Upham deserved a Bar to the Cross, Kippenberger replied, "In my respectful opinion, sir, Upham has won the VC several times over." The Complete Australian and New Zealand Victoria Cross Reference affirms that "without doubt Upham remains one of the most courageous leaders of any modern conflict". Charles Upham was unassumingly a true edge warrior.

http://www.nzedge.com/heroes/upham.html
February 11th, 2009  
BritinAfrica
 
 
Who was the only man to be awarded both the VC and the Iron Cross?

For what actions were they awarded?
February 15th, 2009  
Partisan
 
 
Is it a copout to say the Unknown Soldier? I think that all major medals were awarded as a symbolic gesture.
February 15th, 2009  
MontyB
 
 
Hehe well I waited the required two days so here goes.

The only man to have recieved both awards was an Irish surgeon named William Manley, he was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions during the New Zealand Maori Wars (I think it was during the Waikato uprisings) on 29 April 1864 and he was awarded the Iron Cross was awarded for tending the wounded during the Franco-Prussian of 1870–71.

This would have been a somewhat difficult question given that the topic is WW2 Quiz and neither award was given during WW2.
February 15th, 2009  
LeEnfield
 
 
There have been a number of civilians that have been awarded the Victoria Cross I think it is about eleven in all.
February 15th, 2009  
BritinAfrica
 
 
Quote:
Originally Posted by MontyB
Hehe well I waited the required two days so here goes.

The only man to have recieved both awards was an Irish surgeon named William Manley, he was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions during the New Zealand Maori Wars (I think it was during the Waikato uprisings) on 29 April 1864 and he was awarded the Iron Cross was awarded for tending the wounded during the Franco-Prussian of 1870–71.

This would have been a somewhat difficult question given that the topic is WW2 Quiz and neither award was given during WW2.

LOL opps I got carried away

But it was still a good'un lol