This day in military history.. - Page 55

May 10th, 2008  
May 8th

1941: The German raider Pinguin is sunk by HMS Cornwall off the Seychelles Islands in the Indian Ocean.
1945: VE-DAY (Victory-in-Europe Day). - In deference to the Soviet victors, the surrender ceremony at Rheims of the previous day is repeated before Marshall Zhukov and other Soviet generals at Karlshorst, a suburb of Berlin. The last convoys of German refugees from the East arrive in western Baltic ports, ending the largest rescue operation by sea in history. Since January 25, a total of 420,000 civilians and wounded soldiers have been evacuated - besides the U-boat campaign, it is the Kriegsmarine's most memorable feat of WWII. The remnants of AOK Ostpreussen have held their positions in the Vistula delta and the Frische Nehrung to the last. In recognition of their valor, their commander, General der Panzertruppen von Saucken, is awarded the Diamonds to the Knight's Cross by Grossadmiral Dönitz.

1915:Battle of Krithia - The Australian 2nd Brigade and New Zealand Brigade took part in this predominantly French and British battle against the Turks on Cape Helles. None of the objectives set for the allies during the battle were achieved.

1821 - Greek War of Independence: The Greeks defeat the Turks in Gravia.
1846 -
Mexican-American War: The Battle of Palo AltoZachary Taylor defeats a Mexican force north of the Rio Grande in the first major battle of the war.
1942 -
World War II: Gunners of the Ceylon Garrison Artillery on Horsburgh Island in the Cocos Islands rebelled in the Cocos Islands Mutiny. Their mutiny was crushed and three of them were executed, the only British Commonwealth soldiers to be executed for mutiny during the Second World War.

May 11th, 2008  

May 9th

1940: Hitler orders Fall Gelb (Operation Yellow), the great offensive in the West, to begin at 5:35 a.m. the next day. The French submarine Doris is sunk by U-9 (Oblt. Lüth) off the Dutch coast.
1941: The Luftwaffe launches a massive night raid (507 bombers) against London which causes many fires and cripples the rail system in the city, while the RAF attacks Hamburg with little effect. U-110 is forced to the surface by depth-charges of HMS Aubretia; a top-secret Enigma cipher machine is recovered.
1942: In the East, the Red Army launches a counter-offensive toward Charkov.
1944: Allied air forces begin a campaign of large scale raids against German airfields and rail communications in France in preparation for D-Day.
1945: German forces in Kurland, the Greek islands and the still undefeated garrisons of St. Nazaire, La Rochelle, Lorient, La Pallice and the British Channel Islands surrender.

1943: Point Stuart bombed - Point Stuart, Northern Territory, bombed by Japanese aircraft for the 1st time.

1915 - World War I: Second Battle of Artois between German and French forces.
1920 - Polish-Soviet War: The Polish army under GeneralEdward Rydz-Śmigły celebrated their capture of Kiev with a victory parade on Khreschatyk.
1942 - Belgrade becomes the first Axis-conquered city to murder or eliminate its Jewish Population, largely with the help of Serbiancollaborators.

1915: Festubert France - First Canadian Division sees action at Festubert.
1916: England - General Julian Hedworth George Byng, Lord Byng of Vimy 1862-1935 appointed commander of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in Europe; succeeding General Alderson; takes post May 28; Byng will wisely leave the detailed soldiering to Canadian commander Arthur Currie.

1940: Hitler orders 'Operation Yellow', the great offensive in the West, to begin at 5.35am the next day.
1941: A peace treaty is signed between Vichy France and Thailand, which cedes back portions of Indochina that had been lost by Thailand 40 years earlier. A British Brigade sized column (Habforce), moves across the Iraqi border from Palastine. Liverpool has its 7th consecutive night air raid. Belfast, Clydeside and Humberside also suffer in a heavy week of raids. The RAF attacks Bremen and Hamburg, but with little effect.
1942: Another 60 Spitfires are landed in Malta by the aircraft carriers USN Wasp and HMS Eagle.
1943: The unconditional surrender of all axis troops in Tunisia takes place at 11am.
1944: Allied air forces begin a campaign of large scale raids against German airfields and rail communications in France in preparation for D-Day. The Russians capture Sevastopol as Hitler finally changes his mind and orders evacuation of the city.
1945: A British naval squadron arrives in Copenhagen harbour to receive the surrender of the remains of German fleet. Stalin announces the end of war. German forces of Army Group Kurland surrender. Reich Marshal Goring and his wife, children and staff, surrender to Brigadier General Stack, of the U.S. 36th Division, near Salzburg. Field Marshal Kesselring, C-in-C West, is captured by U.S. troops at the village of Saalfelden, in western Austria. The German garrison in the Channel Islands agree to surrender to British troops after five years of occupation. The surrender terms are signed aboard the destroyer HMS Bulldog, which is moored off St. Hellier.

1926 - LCDR Richard Byrd and Chief Machinist Mate Floyd Bennett make first flight over North Pole; both receive Congressional Medal of Honor.
1942 - USS Wasp in Mediterranean launches 47 Spitfire aircraft to help defend Malta.

1813: U.S. troops under William Henry Harrison take Fort Meigs from British and Canadian troops.
1864: Union General John Sedgwick is shot and killed by a Confederate sharpshooter during fighting at Spotsylvania. His last words are: "They couldn’t hit an elephant at this dist–"

May 11th, 2008  

May 10th

1940: At 5:35 a.m. CET, the Wehrmacht begins Operation Yellow, the invasion of Holland, Belgium and Luxemburg, employing Heeresgruppe A (von Rundstedt) and B (von Bock), with Heeresgruppe C (von Leeb) in reserve. The attacking forces comprise 10 armored, 5 motorized, and 75 infantry divisions. The 3 Panzerkorps - XIX. (Guderian), XX. (Hoth) and XLI. (Reinhardt) - field 2,445 tanks, most of which are of the light Marks I, II, 35(t) and 38(t) type, against 3,373 French and British tanks. Airborne troops seize airfields and strategic bridges near Amsterdam and Rotterdam in Holland. The Luftwaffe, using hundreds of level and dive bombers, attacks Allied airfields, troop assembly areas and rear communications.
1941: Rudolf Hess, Hitler's deputy and former WWI fighter pilot, flies from Augsburg to Scotland to persuade anti-Churchill politicians that England should stop the war with Germany, adopt a neutral attitude and allow Germany to eliminate the Bolshevik menace and gain Lebensraum in the East.
1945: The Red Army occupies Prague.

1900: Zand River -New South Wales Mounted Rifles in action at Zand River, South Africa
1943: Point Stuart bombed -Point Stuart, Northern Territory, bombed by Japanese aircraft for the 2nd time.

1796 - First Coalition: Napoleon I of France wins a decisive victory against Austrian forces at Lodi bridge over the River Adda in Italy. The Austrians lose some 2,000 men. 1801 - The Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States.
1864 - ColonelEmory Upton leads a 10-regiment "Attack-in-depth" assault against the Confederate works at The Battle of Spotsylvania.
1940 - The first German bombs of the war fall on England at Chilham and Petham, in Kent. 1969 - The Battle of Dong Ap Bia begins with an assault on Hill 937. It will ultimately become known as Hamburger Hill.

1972: Intense air war continues over North Vietnam - President Richard Nixon's decision to mine North Vietnamese harbors is condemned by the Soviet Union, China, and their Eastern European allies, and receives only lukewarm support from Western Europe. In the continuing air war over North Vietnam, the United States lost at least three planes and the North Vietnamese 10, as 150 to 175 American planes struck targets over Hanoi, Haiphong, and along rail lines leading from China. Lt. Randy Cunningham and Lt. Willie Driscoll, flying a Navy F-4J Phantom from the USS Constellation knocked down three MiGs in one combat mission. This made Cunningham and Driscoll the first American aces of the Vietnam War.

1775 - Force under Ethan Allan and Benedict Arnold cross Lake Champlain and capture British fort at Ticonderoga, New York.
1800 - USS Constitution captures Letter of Marque Sandwich.
1862 - Confederates destroy Norfolk and Pensacola Navy Yards.

1941: The Luftwaffe launches a massive attack against London, the heaviest so far received by the capital. A record 1,436 people are killed and 1,792 are seriously injured.
1942: General William Sharp, commanding the Central Philippines orders the surrender of the remaining US and Filipino forces to the Japanese, thus ending resistance throughout the whole of the Philippines. Winston Churchill warns that Britain will use poison gas on Germany if the Germans do so on the Soviet Union. The battle for Sevastopol rumbles on, with the Russian Coastal Army fielding 106,000 men, 600 guns, 100 mortars, 38 tanks, and 55 planes. The Germans hurl 204,000 men, 670 guns, 450 mortars, 720 tanks, and 600 aircraft at Sevastopol. The Germans also move in 19 motor torpedo boats, 30 patrol boats, eight ASW boats, and a unit of 150 bombers trained in anti-shipping operations. German artillery ranges from 76mm field guns to mammoth 800-mm railway-mounted super-heavy siege mortars. Kesselring declares that Malta has been neutralised. However, that same day the Axis airforces found themselves outnumbered for the first time in the sky over Malta, losing 12 aircraft in return for 3 RAF Spitfires. This marked a definite turning point in the fortunes of Malta with Axis air activity slackening noticeably as aircraft were drawn off to Russia.
1943: The British First Army reaches Hammamet.
1945: The Fourteenth Army moves South in central Burma and links up with troops from Arakan in the west, trapping all Japanese to the west of the river Irrawaddy. The first U-boat to surrender, U-249 puts in at Portland. Russians troops are now in control of Prague after five days of fierce street fighting between German troops and Czech Partisans comes to an end, during which 5,000 civilians have been killed.

May 12th, 2008  

May 11th

1940: In the West, German troops occupy the Duchy of Luxemburg. A glider-borne parachute detachment of 1.Fallschirmjäger-Rgt. led by Hptm. Koch and Lt. Witzig capture the "impregnable" Belgian border fortress of Eben-Emael.
1941: German troops complete the ocupation of the Greek islands in the Aegean Sea.
1944: In Italy, the US Fifth (Clark) and the British Eighth Armies begin an offensive against the Gustav Line at Cassino.
1945: The Red Army launches a final assault against the remnants of Heeresgruppe Mitte (Schörner) still holding out in Moravia.

1945: Wewak captured - Wewak was captured by the 6th Division in a combined land and amphibious operation. Its capture marked the beginning of the end of the Aitape Wewak campaign, the last major campaign on mainland New Guinea in the Second World War.

1745 - War of Austrian Succession: Battle of Fontenoy – At Fontenoy, French forces defeat an Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian army.
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Yellow TavernConfederateGeneralJEB Stuart is mortally wounded at Yellow Tavern, Virginia.
1943 - World War II: American troops invade Attu in the Aleutian Islands in an attempt to expel occupying Japanese forces.

1942: Anticosti Quebec -German submarine U-S53 torpedoes British steamer Nicoya and Dutch ship Leno near Anticosti Island; Battle of the Gulf of St. Lawrence begins between the Royal Canadian Navy and German U-Boats.
1944: Cassino Italy - Canadian tanks see action near Monte Cassino as Allies launch major offensive south of Rome.

1689 : Battle of Bantry Bay, French & English naval battle
1690 : English troops of W Phips conquer Port Royal Nova Scotia

1961: President Kennedy approves sending 400 Special Forces troops and 100 other U.S. military advisers to South Vietnam. On the same day, he orders the start of clandestine warfare against North Vietnam to be conducted by South Vietnamese agents under the direction and training of the CIA and U.S. Special Forces troops. Kennedy's orders also called for South Vietnamese forces to infiltrate Laos to locate and disrupt communist bases and supply lines there.

1940: Allied troops land in Dutch West Indies.
1941: The RAF launches a heavy raid against Hamburg.
1942: British retreat across Chindwin completed. The Luftwaffe sinks three British destroyers, Lively, Kipling and Jackal to the South of Crete. German troops continue their attack at Sevastopol, surrounding some defenders at Ak-Monay. The Luftwaffe is making about 1,800 sorties per day.
1943: The British evacuate Maumgdaw before the monsoon arrives in the Arakan. All ground gained since September 1942 for the loss of 5,000 battle casualties is lost.
1944: 72,000 Chinese begin an advance along the Burma Road.
1945: In a new offensive, the U.S. Tenth Army reaches the suburbs of Naha, the capital of Okinawa. The Red Army launches a final assault against the remnants of Army Group Centre, which is still holding out in Moravia. The German garrison at Dunkirk surrenders to Czech troops.
May 16th, 2008  

May 12th

1940: In the West, French forces withdraw behind the Meuse river between Dinant and Sedan.
1942: The first aircraft of the US 8th Air Force arrive in Britain.
1943: Surrender of all German and Italian forces in Tunisia (130,000 German and 120,000 Italian prisoners), marking the end of the three-year North African campaign.
1944: In Italy, fierce German counter-attacks along the Gustav Line at Cassino. The US 8th Air Force (800 bombers) carries out attacks against the synthetic fuel plants at Leuna-Merseburg, Lützkendorf, Zeitz and Brüx.
1945: General Vlasov, commander of the anti-Bolshevist Russian Liberation Army (ROA) is handed over by the Americans to the Soviets to be tortured and executed for treason in August, 1946.

1917: Lieutenant R.V. Moon, VC - Lieutenant R.V. Moon, 58th Battalion, of Bacchus Marsh, Victoria, wins the Victoria Cross at Bullecourt
1945: Corporal J.B. Mackey, VC - Corporal J.B. Mackey, 2/3rd Pioneer Battalion, originally from Leichhardt, Sydney, wins the Victoria Cross on Tarakan. (Posthumous award)

1264 - The Battle of Lewes, between King Henry III of England and the rebel Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, begins.
1588 - French Wars of Religion: Henry III of France flees Paris after Henry of Guise enters the city.
1689 - King William's War: William III of England joins the League of Augsburg starting a war with France.
1780 - American Revolutionary War: Charleston, South Carolina is taken by British forces.
1862 - U.S. federal troops occupy Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
1864 - Battle of Spotsylvania Court House: Thousands of Union and Confederate soldiers die in "the Bloody Angle".
1942 - Second Battle of Kharkov – In the eastern Ukraine, the Soviet Army initiates a major offensive. During the battle the Soviets will capture the city of Kharkov from the German Army, only to be encircled and destroyed.

1082 : Battle at Mailberg: Vratislav II of Bohemia beats Leopold II of Austria

1780 - Fall of Charleston, SC; three Continental Navy frigates (Boston, Providence, and Ranger) captured; and one American frigate (Queen of France) sunk to prevent capture
1846 - U.S. declares war against Mexico
1975 - SS Mayaguez seized by Khmer Rouge and escorted to Koh Tang Island.
1986 - Destroyer USS David R. Ray deters an Iranian Navy attempt to board a U.S. merchant ship.


1940: French forces withdraw behind the Meuse river between Dinant and Sedan as advance German panzer columns push out from the Ardennes. Germans troops continue their advance through Holland, crossing the Yssel and Meuse rivers at several points. Massive German artillery bombardments are maintained on western front, the Luftwaffe continues to reek havoc across Northern France and Belgium, causing refugees to stream west, clogging the roads for allied forces. Internment of Germans begins in Britain.
1942: A British convoy, codenamed 'Tiger', arrives at Alexandria with much needed tanks and aircraft. Timoshenko’s offensive grinds forward into Army Group South with two pincer attacks, one Northwest out of the Izyum bulge by the 6th Red Army and the other West then Southwest by the 28th Red Army from the Volchansk area, designed to converge west of Kharkov. The Red Army falls back towards Kerch in the Crimea.
1944: The Japanese attacks to the South East of Imphal are broken off. 800 bombers of the US 8th Air Force carry out attacks against the synthetic fuel plants at Leuna-Merseburg, Lützkendorf, Zeitz and Brüx. The remains of German Seventeenth Army in Crimea are destroyed, with the Russians taking 36,000 Axis troops prisoner. Fierce German counter-attacks are put in by the German defenders at Monte Cassino.
1945: Very heavy fighting continues on Okinawa, with 125 Japanese aircraft being reported as shot down. The German garrison in Crete under Major General Bentach surrenders.
May 16th, 2008  

May 13th

1940: Supported by waves of Luftwaffe Stuka dive-bombers, the two German Panzerkorps of Heeresgruppe B emerge from the Ardennes forests, advance to the Meuse and establish bridgeheads across the river, tearing a 50-mile gap in the French defenses between Dinant and Sedan. 7.Pz.Div. (Rommel) is the first division across. In the House of Commons, the new prime minister Churchill promises nothing but "blood, toil, tears and sweat."
1941: German aircraft are reported operating over Iraq in support of the rebellion by anti-British Iraqi forces.
1944: In the East, German troops of Heeresgruppe Ukraine belatedly complete the evacuation of the Crimea, suffering heavy casualties and leaving behind large quantities of heavy equipment.

1943: Axis forces surrender in Tunisia - The surrender of Axis forces in Tunisia meant the end of the three-year-long North African campaign.
1968: Fire support base Coral attacked - The partly-constructed base, north of Saigon, was defended by elements of the 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, when it was attacked by North Vietnamese troops. Eleven Australians were killed and 28 wounded before the attackers were driven back.

1568 - Battle of Langside: the forces of Mary Queen of Scots are defeated by a confederacy of ScottishProtestants under James Stewart, Earl of Moray, her half-brother.
1864 -
American Civil War: Battle of Resaca – the battle begins with UnionGeneralSherman fighting toward Atlanta.
1865 -
American Civil War: Battle of Palmito Ranch – In far south Texas, more than a month after ConfederateGeneralLee's surrender, the last land battle of the Civil War ends with a Confederate victory.
1940 -
Germany's conquest of France begins as the German army crosses the Meuse River. Churchill makes his "blood, toil, tears, and sweat" speech to the House of Commons.

1908 - Navy Nurse Corps established.
1908 - Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, later called Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard, was officially established in the Territory of Hawaii as a coaling station for U.S. Navy ships transiting the Pacific Ocean.
1943 - Bureau of Navigation renamed Bureau of Naval Personnel
1945 - Aircraft from fast carrier task force begin 2-day attack on Kyushu airfields, Japan
1964 - Organization and deployment of world's first all nuclear-powered task group, USS Enterprise, USS Long Beach, and USS Bainbridge, to Sixth Fleet.

1940: The Hague Netherlands - Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands and her daughter Juliana flee to London as the Nazis occupy Holland; Princess Juliana will bring her children to Ottawa for safety.
1942: Anticosti Island Quebec - Two more Canadian ships lost to German U-Boats in the St. Lawrence.

May 16th, 2008  

May 14th

1940: In the West, 60 Luftwaffe He-111 bombers not having received the countermanding order attack besieged Rotterdam, devastating the center of the city. British and French aircraft are unsuccessful in destroying the German-built bridges across the Meuse; 50 bombers are shot down by AA fire.
1942: The damaged British escort cruiser Trinidad returning from Murmansk is sunk by Luftwaffe dive-bombers off the northern Norwegian coast.
1943: The US 8th Air Force attacks Kiel with 125 aircraft, destroying 3 U-boats in the harbor.
1944: The Red Army recaptures Tarnopol in the Ukraine.
1945: British troops ocupy the German island of Heligoland in the North Sea.

1943: Centaur sunk - The hospital ship Centaur was sunk by a Japanese submarine off the south Queensland coast. Only 64 of the 333 on board survived.
1956: Sungei Siput, Malaya - 2nd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, attacks communist terrorists near Sungai Siput, Malaya.source:

1264 - Battle of Lewes: Henry III of England is captured in France making Simon de Montfort the de facto ruler of England.
1509 -
Battle of Agnadello: In northern Italy, French forces defeat the Venetians.
1747 - A
British fleet under AdmiralGeorge Anson defeats the French at first battle of Cape Finisterre.
1940 -
World War II: Rotterdam is bombed by the GermanLuftwaffe. The Netherlands surrender to Germany.

1801 - Tripoli declares war against the United States
1836 - U.S. Exploring Expedition authorized to conduct exploration of Pacific Ocean and South Seas, first major scientific expedition overseas. LT Charles Wilkes USN, would lead the expedition in surveying South America, Antarctica, Far East, and North Pacific.
1845 - First U.S. warship visits Vietnam. While anchored in Danang for reprovisioning, CAPT John Percival commanding USS Constitution, conducts a show of force against Vietnamese authorities in an effort to obtain the release of a French priest held prisoner by Emperor of Annam at Hue.
1975 - Marines recapture Mayaguez, go ashore on Koh Tang Island and release the crew.

1943: U.S. and Great Britain chiefs of staff, meeting in Washington, D.C., approve and plot out Operation Pointblank, a joint bombing offensive to be mounted from British airbases. Operation Pointblank's aim was grandiose and comprehensive: "The progressive destruction and dislocation of the German military and economic system, and the undermining of the morale of the German people." It was also intended to set up "final combined operations on the continent." In other words, it was intended to set the stage for one fatal blow that would bring Germany to its knees. The immediate targets of Operation Pointblank were to be submarine construction yards and bases, aircraft factories, ball bearing factories, rubber and tire factories, oil production and storage plants, and military transport-vehicle factories and stores. Ironically, the very day planning for Pointblank began in Washington, the Germans shot down 74 British four-engine bombers as the Brits struck a munitions factory near Pilsen. Joseph Goebbels, writing in his diary, recorded that the biggest setback about the British raid on the factory was that the drafting room was destroyed.

May 16th, 2008  

May 16th

1940: Troops of the German 6.Armee break through the Allied Dyle line in Belgium.
1941: With a raid by 111 German aircraft on Birmingham, the Night Blitz campaign against England comes to an end. Most Luftwaffe bomber formations in France and Belgium are being transferred to airfields in eastern Germany and occupied Poland.
1943: The uprising in the Jewish ghetto of Warsaw is brought to a bloody end by German police and SS units.
1944: Aircraft of RAF Coastal Command sink 5 U-boats off the Norwegian coast.

1760: Quebec Quebec - François, Duc de Lévis abandons siege of Quebec when a British fleet commanded by Robert Swanton (d.1765) approaches up the St. Lawrence.
1943: Mohne Germany - British and Canadian Lancaster pilots of the Dambusters Squadron succeed in breaching the Mohne and the Eder dams in Germany's industrial Ruhr basin using a bouncing bomb dropped at low level; only 8 of the 17 planes return; 13 of the 53 dead are Canadians.

1901: Lieutenant F.W. Bell, VC - Lieutenant F.W. Bell, 6th West Australian Mounted Infantry, of Perth, Western Australia, wins the Victoria Cross at Brakpan, South Africa.

1771 - The Battle of Alamance, a pre-American Revolutionary War battle between local militia and a group of rebels called "The Regulators" occurs in present-day Alamance County, North Carolina.
1811 -
Peninsular War - Allies (Spain, Portugal & Britain) defeat French at the Battle of Albuera.
1822 -
Greek War of Independence: The Turks capture the Greek town of Souli.

1820 - Congress becomes first U.S. warship to visit China
1919 - Three Navy flying boats begin 1st trans-Atlantic flight from Newfoundland
1965 - First US gunfire support in Vietnam by USS Tucker

1862: The Union ironclad Monitor and the gunboat Galena fire on Confederate troops at the Battle of Drewry’s Bluff, Virginia.
1918: Pfc. Henry Johnson and Pfc. Needham Roberts receive the Croix de Guerre for their services in World War I. They are the first Americans to win France’s highest military medal.
1968: U.S. Marines relieve army troops in Nhi Ha, South Vietnam after a fourteen-day battle.
1988: Soviets forces begin their withdrawal from Afghanistan.

May 16th, 2008  

May 17th

1940: In the West, troops of 6.Armee occupy Brussels. French prime minister Pierre Laval is replaced by Paul Reynaud who forms a new government.
1941: The German battleship Bismarck and the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen leave Gotenhafen in the Baltic to begin operations against British convoys in the Atlantic (Operation Rheinübung).
1942: In the East, Heeresgruppe Mitte (von Bock) begins a counter-offensive against Soviet attacks toward Charkov and the Donbas.
1943: The Luftwaffe carries out a night raid (89 aircraft) against Cardiff in Wales.

1917: Bullecourt captured - After two failed attempts to capture the village of Bullecourt, the allies were finally successful, though the victory had cost 7,000 casualties.

1940 - World War II: Germany occupies Brussels, Belgium.
1940 - World War II: The old city centre of the Dutch town of Middelburg is bombed by the German Luftwaffe, to force the surrender of the Dutch armies in Zeeland.

1940 - FDR announces plans to recommission 35 more destroyers
1942 - USS Tautog (SS-199) sinks Japanese sub, I-28; while USS Triton (SS-201) sinks I-164
1951 - Aircraft from carriers attack bridges between Wonsan and Hamhung, Korea
1962 - Naval amphibious ready group lands Marines to guard Thailand's borders from Communist probes
1966 - Naval Support Activity Saigon established
1973 - First woman to hold a major Navy command, Captain Robin Lindsay Quigley assumes command of Navy Service School, San Diego, CA.
1987 - USS Stark (FFG-31) struck by Iraqi Exocet missile in Persian Gulf, killing 37 Sailors. 21 were wounded.

1863 : Battle of Big Black River, Mississippi - The Union army defeats the Confederates on the Big Black River and drives them into Vicksburg in part of a brilliant campaign by General Ulysses S. Grant. Grant had swung his army down the Mississippi River past the strong riverfront defenses, and landed in Mississippi south of Vicksburg. He then moved northeast toward Jackson and split his force to defeat Joseph Johnston's troops in Jackson and John C. Pemberton's at Champion's Hill.
1972 : South Vietnamese reinforcements near An Loc - Preceded by five B-52 strikes, which reportedly killed 300 North Vietnamese to the south, South Vietnamese forces arrive by helicopter to within two miles of An Loc in continuing efforts to relieve this besieged city. It had been surrounded by three North Vietnamese divisions since early April. The North Vietnamese had been holding An Loc under siege for almost three months while they made repeated attempts to take the city. The defenders suffered heavy casualties, including 2,300 dead or missing, but with the aid of U.S. advisors and American airpower, they managed to hold An Loc against vastly superior odds until the siege was finally lifted on June 18.

1943: A specially trained and equipped Royal Air Force squadron destroys two river dams in Germany.
1951: Korea- Chinese Communist Forces launch second step, fifth-phase offensive and gain up to 20 miles of territory.
May 23rd, 2008  

May 18th

1940: In the West, XIX.Panzerkorps (Guderian) in its rapid advance toward the Channel coast reaches Peronne. German troops occupy Antwerp.
1942: The RAF launches a major attack against Mannheim.
1944: In Italy, the US Fifth Army (Clark) captres Gaeta S of Rome.

1885:Sudan contingent departs Suakin - New South Wales troops of the Sudan contingent depart Suakin for Sydney having a little over two months in the Sudan without seeing any serious action.

1775 - Benedict Arnold captures British sloop and renames her Enterprise, first of many famous ships with that name

1803 - Napoleonic Wars: The United Kingdom revokes the Treaty of Amiens and declares war on France.
1811 - Las Piedras Battle first great military triumph of the liberating revolution of the Río de la Plata in Uruguay leaded by Jose Artigas.
1863 - American Civil War: The Siege of Vicksburg begins, ending on July 4
1944 - World War II: Battle of Monte Cassino - Germans evacuate Monte Cassino and Allied forces take the stronghold after a struggle that claimed 20,000 lives.
1944 - World War II: SS troops burn down six villages in the Brkini hills in south western Slovenia.

1943: Hitler gives the order for Operation Alaric - Adolf Hitler launches Operation Alaric, the German occupation of Italy in the event its Axis partner either surrendered or switched its allegiance.
1969: Communists attack Xuan Loc - More than 1,500 communist troops attack U.S. and South Vietnamese camps near Xuan Loc, located 38 miles east of Saigon. After five hours of intense fighting, the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces were driven off. At the U.S. camp, 14 Americans were killed and 39 wounded; 24 enemy soldiers were killed in the action. At the South Vietnamese camp, 4 South Vietnamese were killed and 14 wounded, with 54 communist soldiers reported killed and 9 captured.

1940: Germans take Antwerp, Belgium’s second city. Allied forces are seriously split as German tanks of 19th Panzer Korps (Guderian) reach Peronne and Rommels 7th Panzer Division reaches Cambrai during their rapid advance toward the Channel coast. Amiens is occupied. Regions ceded to Belgium in Treaty of Versailles (1919) re-incorporated into Germany.
1941: General Dentz tells the French Army in Syria to "match force with force". The 5th Indian Division captures the Italian fortress of Amba Alagi after 18 days of fighting. The British column from Palastine (Habforce), arrives at Habbaniyah and relieves its garrison. Italy annexes the Yugoslavian territory of Dalmatia.
1942: The Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm attacks and hits the German heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen off Norway, but she makes it back to Kiel. Despite increasing losses, Churchill remains determined to continue the Artic convoys to Russia. The New York Times reports on an inside page that Nazis have machine-gunned over 100,000 Jews in the Baltic states, 100,000 in Poland and twice as many in western Russia. The RAF launches a major attack against Mannheim. German forces finally halt the Russian summer offensive just short of Kharkov and let loose Group von Kleist’s with a strength of 15 Divisions (1st Panzer Army and 17th Army), of which two are Panzer and one Motorised. The Germans aim for Izyum to the South of Kharkov in order to pinch off the Russian salient. The Germans attack with their usual skill, technology, and ferocity and drive through the Russian defenses. The Germans have a 4.4-1 edge in tanks, 1.7-1 edge in artillery, and 1.3-1 edge in infantry on the battlefield. Russian co-ordination is poor and the Germans quickly gain local air superiority. Russian officers lack adequate combat experience to handle the fast pace of the German blitzkrieg, and their divisions literally come apart.
1943: The Japanese launch a new offensive along the Yangtze river, 250 miles north east of the Nationalist capital of Chunking.

1792: Russian troops invade Poland.
1944: The Allies finally capture Monte Cassino in Italy.
1969: Two battalions of the 101st Airborne Division assault Hill 937 but cannot reach the top because of muddy conditions.