This day in military history.. - Page 54




 
--
 
April 28th, 2008  
tomtom22
 
 

April 28th

1940: British and French forces that were landed on the coast of Norway are evacuated by the Royal Navy.
1945: The Canadian First Army (Crerar) captures Emden and Wilhelmshaven, while the US Seventh Army (Patch) occupies Augsburg, Regensburg and Ingolstadt. In the battle of Berlin, the Red Army reaches the Anhalt Station and is within half a mile of the Führerbunker. Hitler marries his mistress, Eva Braun, and dictates his political testament in which he justifies the political and military actions of his 12-year-rule, blaming the war on international Jewry and exhorting the German people even after defeat to adhere to the principles of National Socialism, especially its racial laws; he appoints Grossadmiral Dönitz as his successor. In the English Channel, German U-boats have sunk 8 Allied ships, 3 destroyers and 2 corvettes.
source:
http://www.feldgrau.com/april.html

1952: Australia ratifies peace treaty with Japan and official ending of the British Commonwealth Occupation Force (BCOF) - From the end of 1948 Australia had taken on the largest role in BCOF. When the state of occupation ended the Commonwealth organisation in Japan was redesignated British Commonwealth Forces Korea and continued supplying and administering Commonwealth forces then fighting in Korea.source: http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/thismonth/index.asp

1789 - Mutiny on the HMS Bounty. CaptainWilliam Bligh and 18 sailors are set adrift and the rebel crew returns to Tahiti briefly and then sets sail for Pitcairn Island.
1796 - The Armistice of Cherasco is signed by Napoleon Bonaparte and Vittorio Amedeo III, the King of Sardinia, expanding French territory along the Mediterranean coast.
1862 - American Civil War: AdmiralDavid Farragut captures New Orleans, Louisiana.
1970 - Vietnam War: U.S. PresidentRichard M. Nixon formally authorizes American combat troops to fight communist sanctuaries in Cambodia.
source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_28

1972: North Vietnamese press South Vietnamese at Hue and Kontum - The North Vietnamese offensive continues as Fire Base Bastogne, 20 miles west of Hue, falls to the communists. Fire Base Birmingham, 4 miles to the east, was also under heavy attack. As fighting intensified all across the northern province of South Vietnam, much of Hue's civilian population tried to escape south to Da Nang. Farther south in the Central Highlands, 20,000 North Vietnamese troops converged on Kontum, encircling it and cutting it off. Only 65 miles north of Saigon, An Loc lay under siege and continued to take a pummeling from North Vietnamese artillery, rockets, and ground attacks. To the American command in Saigon, it appeared that South Vietnam was on the verge of total defeat by the North Vietnamese, but the South Vietnamese were able to hold out.
source:
http://www.historychannel.com/tdih/

1940: Allied reinforcements arrive in Aandalesnes, Norway.
1941: The British evacuation of Greece is completed.
1942: At what turns out to be its last meeting, the puppet Nazi Reichstag passes legislation proclaiming Hitler "Supreme Judge of the German People," formalising the Fuhrer's position as being above the reach of the law. Coastal "dimouts" go into effect along a fifteen-mile strip on the Eastern Seaboard, in response to German U-boat activity of the U.S. Atlantic coast.
1943: British forces repulse a last, desperate Panzer counter blow in Tunisia.
1944: Chinese forces retreat in central China.
1945: Russian forces are fighting in the Wilhelmstrasse and reach the Anhalt Station which is just half a mile of the Führerbunker. The U.S. Fifth Army take Brescia, 30 miles East of Milan. The British Eighth Army reaches Venice. Italian Partisans capture Mussolini, his mistress Clara Petacci and 12 of his cabinet members in a German convoy trying to reach Switzerland. All are shot in nearby village. The Canadian First Army captures Emden and Wilhelmshaven, while the U.S. Seventh Army takes Augsburg and reaches the Austrian border to the South.
source:
http://www.worldwar-2.net/timelines/timelines-index.htm

1862 - Naval forces capture Forts Jackson and St. Philip, LA
1965 - Dominican Republic intervention began
1944 - U.S. LSTs attacked during
Operation Tiger
1993 - SECDEF memo orders Armed Forces to train and assign women on combat aircraft and most combat ships, but not to ground combat positions.
source:
http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/datesapr.htm

1760: Ste-Foy Quebec - François, Duc de Lévis, with 5,000 soldiers and Indians, defeats James Murray's 3,900 British troops at the Battle of Ste-Foy; Murray, leader of the British after Wolfe's death, wisely retreats behind the walls of Quebec to wait for reinforcements by ship.
1945: Netherlands - Truce arranged between Canadian and German forces in Holland.
source:
http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_...mth=Apr&day=28
May 1st, 2008  
tomtom22
 
 

April 29th

1945: The British Second Army crosses the Elbe at Lauenburg, 20 miles E of Hamburg, and advances toward Schwerin and Wismar in Mecklenburg. In the battle of Berlin, the Red Army has now captured most of the city except for the area around the Brandenburg Gate, the Reichskanzlei and the Reichstag which is still fiercely defended by isolated units of the Waffen-SS.
source: http://www.feldgrau.com/april.html

1915: HMA Submarine AE2 sunk in the Sea of Marmara - AE2 was the first submarine to penetrate the Dardanelles. For five days the AE2 carried out orders to disrupt Turkish shipping. When her torpedoes were exhausted and she was attacked by Turkish gunboats the submarine was scuttled and her crew captured.
1965: Prime Minister Menzies announces the commitment of an infantry battalion to Vietnam - Australia's involvement in Vietnam was a gradual process of commitment. By April 1965 there were 100 members of the Australian Army Training Team Vietnam in Vietnam. The commitment of a battalion represented a major step in Australia's involvement and precipitated further increases in the number of Australians serving in Vietnam until reductions in their number began in 1970.
source: http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/thismonth/index.asp

1429 - Joan of Arc arrives to relieve the Siege of Orléans.
1672 - Franco-Dutch War: Louis XIV of France invades the Netherlands.
1862 - American Civil War: New Orleans falls to Union forces under AdmiralDavid Farragut.
1945 - World War II: The GermanArmy in Italy unconditionally surrenders to the Allies. 1945 - World War II: Start of Operation Manna, supply drops into Holland.
1970 - Vietnam War: United States and South Vietnamese forces invade Cambodia to hunt Viet Cong.
source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_29

1776: Nathanael Greene takes command of Long Island - Shortly after the American victory at Boston, Massachusetts, General George Washington orders Brigadier General Nathanael Greene to take command of Long Island and set up defensive positions against a possible British attack on New York City.
1916: British forces surrender at Kut, Mesopotamia - In the single largest surrender of troops in British history to that time, some 13,000 soldiers under the command of Sir Charles Townshend give in on April 29, 1916, after withstanding nearly five months under siege by Turkish and German forces at the town of Kut-al-Amara, in the Basra province of Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq).
source: http://www.history.com/tdih.do?

1917: Chemin des Dames Offensive ends. A month long series of mutinies break out amongst the French army.
1940: King Haakon VII and his government are evacuated from Molde and taken to Tromso in northern Norway, from where they can continue the fight.
1941: Another Brigade from the British 10th Indian Division lands at Basra, ignoring Iraqi's protests. The Iraqi Army lays siege to The RAF base at Habbaniyh, although RAF planes fly numerous air strikes against them. British intelligence 'Ultra', intercept numerous messages giving a positive indication that the Germans plan to attack Crete.
1942: Japanese troops capture Lashio, thereby cutting the vital 'Burma Road' supply route into China. The Japanese continue to land reinforcements on Mindanao Island as they step up attacks against the Filipino garrison. The shelling of Corregidor increases as the Japanese prepare to invade the Island. Another sixteen Spitfires are delivered to Malta by Force H. The Belgian resistance destroys Tenderloo chemical works, killing more that 250. Executions by the Germans reported to be running at 25-30 a month in Belgium.
1943: U-boats begin a six-day attack on Convoy ONS5, during which 13 allied ships are finally sunk for the loss of six U-boats. A series of minor attacks by the Red Army near Novorossiysk, drives the Germans back slowly.
1944: The US Navy pounds the Japanese base at Truk, destroying 120 planes.
1945: Convoy RA-66 sailing from the Kola Peninsula to Loch Ewe is attacked by at least 2 U-boats north of Kola. The British destroyer HMS Goodall, which was lend-leased by the US in 1943 is sunk by U-286 (Oblt.z.S. Willi Dietrich), for 1,150 tons, marking this as the last convoy to come under attack in the war. The U.S. 7th Army liberates Dachau Concentration Camp. The 2nd Belorussian front advances fast in the Stralsund direction and seizes Anklam. In Berlin furious fighting takes place around the Reichstag, Chancellery and along Potsdamer Strasse. In Cottbus, South of Berlin, German troops are still holding the Russians back. The German armies in Italy sign surrender terms at The Royal Palace, Caserta, but German officers do not guarantee acceptance, the ceremony takes only 17 minutes. The British Eighth Army secures Venice and advances towards Trieste. The U.S. Fifth Army enters Milan and makes contact with the Eighth Army at Padua. The British Second Army crosses the Elbe near Hamburg, less than 100 miles west of the Russian forces in Mecklenburg. The U.S. Seventh Army reaches Munich. The French First Army captures Friedrichshafen on Lake Constance.

1814 - USS Peacock captures HMS Epervier
1898 - U.S. warships engage Spanish gunboats and shore batteries at Cienfuegos, Cuba
1944 - Fast carrier task force (12 carriers) commence 2 day bombing of Truk
1975 - Operation Frequent Wind evacuation from Vietnam begins
source: http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/datesapr.htm

1944: Atlantic - German U-Boats sink Royal Canadian Navy destroyer HMCS Athabaskan off the coast of France. HMCS Haida drives flaming German warship aground.
source: http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_...mth=Apr&day=29

1859: As the French army races to support them and the Austrian army mobilizes to oppose them, 150,000 Piedmontese troops invade Piedmontese territory.
1862: Forts Philip and Jackson surrender to Admiral Farragut outside New Orleans.
1918: America’s WWI Ace of Aces, Eddie Rickenbacker, scores his first victory with the help of Captain James Norman Hall.
source: http://www.historynet.com/today_in_h...Day=29&tdih=GO


May 1st, 2008  
tomtom22
 
 

April 30th

1941: After the surrender of the Greek Army (Mussolini insists on a separate surrender to the Italian forces), the German occupation of Greece is now complete, the Wehrmacht having taken 223,000 Greek and 22,000 British prisoners. In Cyrenaica, the Afrikakorps' second attempt to capture Tobruk fails.
1942: Hitler and Mussolini meet at Berchtesgaden to discuss future Axis strategy in North Africa and the Mediterranean, the main objectives being the reduction of Malta and the seizure of the Suez Canal.
1945: The battle of Berlin is reaching its bloody climax. Isolated pockets of German resistance throughout the city are overpowered and systematically destroyed. With Red Army infantry only a few hundred yards away, Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide at about 3:00 p.m., their bodies being immediately incinerated with gasoline by SS bodyguards. The US Seventh Army (Patch) enters Munich. The defenders of Breslau, decimated by relentless Soviet attacks, are still holding out.
source: http://www.feldgrau.com/april.html

1941: Australian and New Zealand troops fought alongside soldiers from Greece and Britain in the ill-fated Greek campaign. General Blamey conducted a skillful evacuation of the ANZAC Corps from southern Greece at the end of the campaign.
1967: 7th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, arrives in South Vietnam
source: http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/thismonth/apr.htm

1941: Atlantic - German U-boat torpedoes Canadian passenger ship Nerissa off Ireland; 73 Canadian Army personnel lost.
source: http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_...mth=Apr&day=30

1943 - World War II: Operation Mincemeat – The submarine HMS Seraph surfaces in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Spain to deposit a dead man planted with false invasion plans and dressed as a British military intelligence officer.
1975 - Fall of Saigon: Communist forces gains control of Saigon. The Vietnam War formally ends with the unconditional surrender of South VietnamesepresidentDuong Van Minh.
source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_30

1798 - Congress establishes Department of the Navy
source: http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/datesapr.htm


1968: U.S. Marines attack a division of North Vietnamese troops in the village of Dai Do.
1970: U.S. troops invade Cambodia to disrupt North Vietnamese Army base areas.
1972: The North Vietnamese launch an invasion of South Vietnam.
source: http://www.historynet.com/today_in_h...Day=30&tdih=GO

--
May 2nd, 2008  
tomtom22
 
 

May 1st

1941: The Luftwaffe begins a series of 8 consecutive night raids against Liverpool.
1942: In the East, the siege of the Crimean fortress of Sevastopol by 11.Armee (von Manstein) continues with a ceaseless bombardment by batteries of heavy guns (up to 800mm: Big Dora) and hundreds of bombers (up to 1,000 sorties a day) of Luftflotte 7 (von Richthofen). Heavy fighting also continues on the front around besieged Leningrad whose inhabitants are suffering from bombing, disease and starvation.
1945: Cessation of hostilities and surrender of all German forces in Italy as a result of unauthorized secret negotiations with the Allies by the German C-in-C, General von Vietinghoff. and SS General Wolff. Grossadmiral Dönitz, following the death of Hitler, assumes his duties as the new German head of state. He orders utmost resistance on all fronts, especially in the East where tens of thousands of German civilians are still trying to escape from the stampeding Red Army. In the battle of Berlin, the remaining pockets of German resistance in the center of the city are crumbling. General Krebs, head of the OKH after Guderian's dismissal on March 26, begins negotiations with General Chuikov, CO of Eighth Guards Army, about the Soviet terms for a surrender. Goebbels and his wife, after poisoning their six children, commit suicide in the Führerbunker.
source:
http://www.feldgrau.com/may.html

1898 - Battle of Manila Bay, Adm Dewey defeats Spanish at Manila, Philippines
1934 - LT Akers demonstrates blind landing system at College Park, MD in OJ-2 aircraft
1945 - VADM Barbey lands Australian troops on Tarakan Island, Borneo, supported by naval gunfire
1951 - USS Princeton aircraft attack Hwachon Dam using aerial torpedoes, only use of this weapon in Korean War
source:
http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/datesmay.htm

1941: Allied evacuation of Greece complete - The Greek campaign, involving forces from Greece, Britain, New Zealand and Australia, resulted in heavy losses to the 6th Australian Division and ultimately an evacuation of Allied forces from beaches in southern Greece.
1942: Townsville put on invasion alert - We now know that Japan did not intend to invade Australia. In 1942, however, fear of such an invasion was almost universal, particularly after their early successes in the war.1945: 26 Brigade troops invade Tarakan - General MacArthur instructed Lieutenant-General Sir Leslie Morshead to seize and hold Tarakan Island and destroy the enemy forces there. The Netherlands East Indies Government was to be re-established, Tarakan's oil producing capacity was to be conserved and the island's airfields put into use. The operation was codenamed Oboe 1.

source: http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/thismonth/may.htm

1951: Korea - 25th Canadian Infantry Brigade Group sent to join United Nations forces in Korea.
source:
http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=May&day=01

1328 - Wars of Scottish Independence end: Treaty of Edinburgh-NorthamptonEngland recognises Scotland as an independent nation.
1778 -
American Revolution: The Battle of Crooked Billet begins in Hatboro, Pennsylvania.
1941 -
World War II: German forces launch Operation Mercury the largest airborne invasion to date in their bid to capture Crete. German forces launch a major attack on Tobruk.
1945 -
Soviet troops raise the Soviet Flag over the Reichstag, in Berlin.
source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_1

1898: The U.S. Navy under Dewey defeats the Spanish fleet at the Battle of Manila Bay in the Philippines.
1944: The Messerschmitt Me 262, the first combat jet, makes its first flight.
source: http://www.historynet.com/today_in_history

May 3rd, 2008  
tomtom22
 
 

May 2nd
1945: General Chuikov, defender of Stalingrad, meets with General Weidling and accepts the unconditional surrender of the surviving defenders of Berlin. Some units refuse to quit and try to break out to the West, but are annihilated in the attempt. Stalin announces the fall of Berlin in his Order of the Day No. 359.
source: http://www.feldgrau.com/may.html

1863 - American Civil War: Stonewall Jackson is wounded by friendly fire while returning to camp after reconnoitering for the Battle of Chancellorsville. He succumbs to pneumonia 8 days later.
1982 - Falklands War: The Britishnuclear submarineHMS Conqueror sinks the Argentine cruiser ARA General Belgrano.
source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_2

1945: Approximately 1 million German soldiers lay down their arms as the terms of the German unconditional surrender, signed at Caserta, Italy on April 29, come into effect. Many Germans surrender to Japanese soldiers-Japanese Americans. Among the American tank crews that entered the northern Italian town of Biella was an all-Nisei (second-generation) infantry battalion, composed of Japanese Americans from Hawaii.
Early that same day, Russian Marshal Georgi K. Zhukov accepts the surrender of the German capital. The Red Army takes 134,000 German soldiers prisoner.
1964: An explosion of a charge assumed to have been placed by Viet Cong terrorists sinks the USNS Card at its dock in Saigon. No one was injured and the ship was eventually raised and repaired. The Card, an escort carrier being used as an aircraft and helicopter ferry, had arrived in Saigon on April 30.
source: http://www.history.com/tdih

1975 - US Navy departs Vietnamese waters at end of evacuation.
source: http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/datesmay.htm

May 3rd, 2008  
tomtom22
 
 

May 3rd
1942: Off the northern coast of Norway, German destroyers sink the British cruiser Edinburgh escorting Convoy PQ-15.
1945: The British Second Army (Dempsey) occupies Hamburg.
source: http://www.feldgrau.com/may.html

1861 - USS Surprise captures Confederate privateer Savannah
1898 - Marines land at Cavite, Philippines, and raise U.S. flag
source: http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/datesmay.htm

1917: Second attack on Bullecourt - Operations against the Hindenburg line at Bullecourt were aimed at protecting the British flank during operations at Arras. After an unsuccessful first attempt, a second involving the 2nd Australian Division was made. Once again the attack was unsuccessful costing about 7,000 allied casualties
source: http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/thismonth/may.htm

1945: Wismar Germany - First Canadian Army takes Oldenburg, and Canadian paratroopers link up with Russians in Wismar.
source: http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_...mth=May&day=03

1808 - Finnish War: Sweden loses the fortress of Sveaborg to Russia.
1808 - Peninsular War: The Madrid rebels who rose up on May 2 are fired upon near Príncipe Pío hill.
1942 - Japanese naval troops invade Tulagi Island in the Solomon Islands during the first part of Operation Mo that resulted in the Battle of the Coral Sea between Japanese forces and forces from the United States and Australia.
1945 - World War II: Sinking of the floating-jails Cap Arcona, Thielbek and Deutschland by the RAF in Lübeck Bay.
source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_3

1915: During a 10-day-long stretch of fighting in the Carpathian Mountains on the Galician front in Austria-Hungary, a combined Austro-German force succeeds in defeating the Russian army near the Dunajec River (a tributary of the Vistula River that runs through modern-day northern Slovakia and southern Poland). The Austro-German counterattack in Galicia in early May 1915 decisively ended nine months of victorious Russian advances in the region since August 1914. Struggling, Austria-Hungary had appealed to its more powerful ally, and the German army had stepped in, moving large amounts of troops into the region in an attempt to break through the Russian lines between the crest of the Carpathians and the mid-section of the Dunajec. On May 1, 1915, the German commander General August von Mackensen led the combined troops into battle behind an artillery bombardment by 610 guns, the largest yet on the Eastern Front, against Russian positions stretching along a 40-kilometer front.
1942: The first day of the first modern naval engagement in history, called the Battle of the Coral Sea, a Japanese invasion force succeeds in occupying Tulagi of the Solomon Islands in an expansion of Japan's defensive perimeter. The United States, having broken Japan's secret war code and forewarned of an impending invasion of Tulagi and Port Moresby, attempted to intercept the Japanese armada. Four days of battles between Japanese and American aircraft carriers resulted in 70 Japanese and 66 Americans warplanes destroyed. This confrontation, called the Battle of the Coral Sea, marked the first air-naval battle in history, as none of the carriers fired at each other, allowing the planes taking off from their decks to do the battling. Among the casualties was the American carrier Lexington; "the Blue Ghost" (so-called because it was not camouflaged like other carriers) suffered such extensive aerial damage that it had to be sunk by its own crew. Two hundred sixteen Lexington crewmen died as a result of the Japanese aerial bombardment.
source: http://www.history.com/tdih.do?

1926: U.S. Marines land in Nicaragua.
1968: After three days of battle, the U.S. Marines retake Dai Do complex in Vietnam, only to find the North Vietnamese have evacuated the area.
1982: A British submarine sinks Argentina’s only cruiser during the Falkland Islands War.
source: http://www.historynet.com/today_in_history

May 5th, 2008  
tomtom22
 
 

May 4th

1943: Hitler postpones Operation Zitadelle, the powerful German counter-attack against the large Soviet bulge between Kursk and Belgorod, from May 9 to mid-June.
1944: The RAF carries out a night raid against Budapest.
1945: The German forces in northwestern Germany, Holland and Denmark surrender to the Allied 21st Army Group whose C-in-C, FM Montgomery, meets with a German delegation headed by Generaladmiral von Friedeburg at his HQ on Luneburg Heath 30 miles S of Hamburg. The British Second Army occupies Kiel. In the East, fierce fighting continues in Moravia, the Vistula delta and in Kurland.
source: http://www.feldgrau.com/may.html

1915:Australian attack on Gaba Tepe, Gallipoli - The attack on Gaba Tepe by men of the 11th Battalion was an ill-conceived venture to deny the Turks a vantage point from which they could observe operations around ANZAC Cove. The venture ended in failure.
source: http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/thismonth/index.asp

1471 - Wars of the Roses: The Battle of TewkesburyEdward IV defeats a Lancastrian Army and kills Edward, Prince of Wales.
1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Chancellorsville – The battle ends with a Union retreat.
1869 - The Naval Battle of Hakodate takes place in Japan.
1910 - The Royal Canadian Navy is created.
1945 - World War II: Liberation of the Neuengammeconcentration camp near Hamburg by the British Army.
source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_4

1864: Army of the Potomac moved out of its winter encampments and crossed the Rapidan River to the tangled woods of the Wilderness. Grant had with him four corps and over 100,000 men.
1916: Germany responds to a demand by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson by agreeing to limit its submarine warfare in order to avert a diplomatic break with the United States.
1945: Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov informs U.S. Secretary of State Stettinius that the Red Army has arrested 16 Polish peace negotiators who had met with a Soviet army colonel near Warsaw back in March. When British Prime Minister Winston Churchill learns of the Soviet double-cross, he reacts in alarm, stating, "There is no doubt that the publication in detail of this event...would produce a primary change in the entire structure of world forces."
source: http://www.historychannel.com/tdih/

1942: Akyab on the Burmese coast is abandoned by the British. The Japanese Port Moresby invasion force leaves Rabaul, in New Britain. With its naval support stripped away, the Japanese invasion fleet at Tulagi is attacked by aircraft from the American carrier Yorktown. 1 destroyer is disabled, while 3 minesweepers and 4 landing barges are sunk for the loss of just 3 US aircraft. Admiral Fletcher, now doubled back to meet up with the Lexington in the Coral Sea.
1943: Hitler decides to postpone Operation 'Citadel' in order that more Tiger and Panther tanks can be deployed in the offensive. This is against the advice of a number of leading Generals who fear that the Russian defenses will become too strong if the offensive is delayed any further.
1944: The British counter-attacks at Kohima, are repulsed by the Japanese. The RAF carries out a night raid against Budapest.
1945: SEAC announces that Rangoon was taken so quickly that the Japanese had no time to destroy the installations there. Kamikaze flyers sink 17 U.S. ships in 24 hours off Okinawa. Grand Admiral Dönitz, now the newly designated leader of the Reich, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases (to go into effect fully at 0800 on 5th May) The U.S. Fifth Army reaches the Brenner Pass. Admiral von Friedeburg arrives at Montgomery’s HQ on Lüneburg Heath with German plenipotentiaries. At 8.15pm SHAEF announce that ‘Field Marshal Montgomery has reported to the supreme allied command that all enemy forces in Holland, Northwest Germany and Denmark, have surrendered. The U.S. Ninth Army breaks up the German Ninth and Twelfth Armies. The U.S. Seventh Army takes Innsbruck, Salzburg and Berchtesgarten, which is still smoking after an RAF raid. Field-Marshal von Kleist gives himself up to the U.S. Third Army near Straubing.
source: http://www.worldwar-2.net/timelines/timelines-index.htm

1917 - First Navy ships, Destroyer Division 8, arrive at Queenstown, Ireland, to provide convoy escorts against German U-boats
1942 - Battle of Coral Sea, first carrier vs. carrier battle, begins
1945 - Japanese attempt to land on Okinawa repulsed; kamikaze attacks damage 6 U.S. Navy ships
source: http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/datesmay.htm

1945: Europe - Fighting stops in the Canadian sector near Wilhelmshaven, Aurich, and Emden; German forces in the Netherlands, Denmark and northwest Germany agreed to surrender to Canadian commanders.
1951: Europe - National Defence forms 27th Canadian Infantry Brigade Group for service in Europe with NATO forces.
source: http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_...mth=May&day=04

1970, Ohio National Guardsmen opened fire on anti-war protesters at Kent State University, killing four students and wounding nine others.
source: http://www.nytimes.com/learning/gene.../20080504.html

May 5th, 2008  
tomtom22
 
 

May 5th

1943: British forces break through the defenses of 5.Panzerarmee (von Arnim) S of Tunis.
1945: Beginning of a civilian uprising in Prague which is aided by defecting units of the anti-Bolshevist Vlasov Army.
source: http://www.feldgrau.com/may.html

1915: Australians and New Zealanders on Cape Helles - The 2nd Australian Brigade and the New Zealand Brigade were redeployed from ANZAC Cove to Cape Helles to assist British and French troops in their attempts to capture the dominating heights known as Achi Baba.
1945: Germans surrender in Norway - Hitler's successor, Grand Admiral Dönitz, attempted, by piecemeal surrenders to the British and Americans, to give German forces on the Eastern Front time to escape westwards, away from the Russians.
source: http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/thismonth/may.htm

1944 - USS Comfort is commissioned in San Pedro, CA; first ship to be manned jointly by Army and Navy personnel
1948 - VF-17A becomes first carrier qualified jet squadron (USS Saipan)
source: http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/datesmay.htm

1813: Fort Meigs Ohio - Major General Henry Proctor attacks 1,200 US reinforcements coming up to end 5 day siege of Americans under William Henry Harrison at Fort Meigs; 400 US soldiers killed, British losses number only 15 in this War of 1812 battle.
1814: Oswego New York - Commodore James Yeo leads a fleet with 1,100 men from Kingston against 500 US defenders of Fort Ontario; captures valuable supplies; destroys the American naval base and firmly fixes British control of Lake Ontario until the close of the War of 1812.
1945: Germany - German commanders surrender in Canadian sector near Wilhelmshaven, Aurich, and Emden.
source: http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_...mth=May&day=05

1862 - Cinco de Mayo in Mexico: Troops led by Ignacio Zaragoza halt a Frenchinvasion in the Battle of Puebla.
1864 - American Civil War: The Battle of the Wilderness begins in Spotsylvania County, Virginia.
source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_5

1970 : In Cambodia, a U.S. force captures Snoul, 20 miles from the tip of the "Fishhook" area (across the border from South Vietnam, 70 miles from Saigon). A squadron of nearly 100 tanks from the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment and jet planes virtually leveled the village that had been held by the North Vietnamese. No dead North Vietnamese soldiers were found, only the bodies of four Cambodian civilians. This action was part of the Cambodian "incursion" that had been launched by U.S. and South Vietnamese forces on April 29.
source: http://www.history.com/tdih

1945: In the only fatal attack of its kind during World War II, a Japanese balloon bomb exploded on Gearhart Mountain in Oregon, killing the pregnant wife of a minister and five children.
source: http://www.nytimes.com/learning/gene.../20080505.html

1916: U.S. Marines invade the Dominican Republic.
1942: General Joseph Stilwell learns that the Japanese have cut his railway out of China and is forced to lead his troops into India.
1968: U.S. Air Force planes hit Nhi Ha, South Vietnam in support of attacking infantrymen.
source: http://www.historynet.com/today_in_history


May 7th, 2008  
tomtom22
 
 

May 6th

1945: The US Third Army (Patton) occupies Pilsen in Bohemia and halts all further advances. After an 82-day siege, the remaining defenders of Breslau finally surrender to Soviet forces.
source: http://www.feldgrau.com/may.html

1909 - Great White Fleet anchors in San Francisco
1916 - First ship-to-shore radio telephone voice conversation from USS New Hampshire off Virginia Capes to SECNAV Josephus Daniels in Washington, DC
1942 - CAPT Milton Miles arrives in Chungking, China, to begin building an intelligence and guerilla training organization, Naval Group China
1945 - Naval landing force evacuates 500 Marshallese from Jaluit Atoll, Marshall Islands.
source: http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/datesmay.htm

1917: Corporal G.J. Howell, VC - Corporal G.J. Howell, 1st Battalion, originally of Enfield, NSW, wins the Victoria Cross near Bullecourt.
1945: Tarakan town and airstrip captured - General MacArthur instructed Lieutenant General Sir Leslie Morshead to seize and hold Tarakan Island and destroy the enemy forces there. The Netherlands East Indies Government was to be re-established, Tarakan's oil producing capacity was to be conserved and the island's airfields put into use. The operation was codenamed Oboe 1.source: http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/thismonth/may.htm

1777: Quebec Quebec - British General John (Gentleman Johnny) Burgoyne arrives in Quebec as field commander of the British forces against the American rebels; his plan is to march down the Hudson River via the Richelieu River and Lake Champlain through Albany, with a secondary advance through the Mohawk Valley, and divide the rebels at New York.
1877: Wood Mountain Saskatchewan - Sioux Chief Sitting Bull leads 1,500 of his followers into Canada to ask protection from the Queen; after defeating General George Custer and the US 7th Cavalry at the Battle of the Little Big Horn.
source: http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=May&day=06

1527 - Spanish and German troops sack Rome; some consider this the end of the Renaissance. 147 Swiss Guards, including their commander, died fighting the forces of Charles V during the Sack of Rome in order to allow Pope Clement VII to escape into Castel Sant'Angelo.
1757 - Battle of Prague - A Prussian army fought an Austrian army in Prague during the Seven Years' War.
1942 - On Corregidor, the last American forces in the Philippines surrender to the Japanese.
1945 - Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops (first was on December 11, 1941).
1945 - The Prague Offensive, the last major battle of the Eastern Front, begins.
source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_6

1915: After a first attempt to capture the village of Krithia, on the Gallipoli Peninsula, failed on April 28, 1915, a second is initiated on May 6 by Allied troops under the British commander Sir Aylmer Hunter-Weston. Fortified by 105 pieces of heavy artillery, the Allied force advanced on Krithia, located at the base of the flat-topped hill of Achi Baba, starting at noon on May 6. The attack was launched from a beach head on Cape Helles, where troops had landed on April 25 to begin the large-scale land invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula after a naval attack on the Dardanelles failed miserably in mid-March. Since the first failed attempt on the village, Hunter-Weston’s original force had been joined by two brigades of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) to bring the total number of men to 25,000. They were still outnumbered, however, by the Turkish forces guarding Krithia, which were under the direct command of the German Major-General Erich Weber. Weber had been promoted from the rank of colonel after supervising the closure and mining of the Dardanelles six months earlier.
source:http://www.history.com/tdih.do?actio...ryId=worldwari
May 10th, 2008  
tomtom22
 
 

May 7th

1941: The Luftwaffe launches the first of two consecutive night raids against the British port of Hull.
1943: 5.Panzerarmee evacuates Tunis and Bizerta.
1944: The US 8th Air Force (Doolittle) launches a 1,500-bomber raid against Berlin. In the East, the Red Army recaptures Sevastopol in the Crimea.
1945: This day marks the end of hostilities between the Wehrmacht and the Allied armies in Europe. At 2:41 a.m. CET, Generaloberst Jodl signs the instrument of unconditional surrender of all German forces in a schoolroom at Rheims, France, to be effective at noon the following day. Off the Firth of Forth, U-236 sinks the last Allied ships of the war, the coastal vessels Sneland and Avondale Park, while an RAF Catalina sinks U-320, the last German submarine destroyed in WWII, near Bergen off the coast of Norway.
source:
http://www.feldgrau.com/may.html

1429 - Joan of Arc ends the Siege of Orléans, pulling an arrow from her own shoulder and returning wounded to lead the final charge. The victory marks a turning point in the Hundred Years' War.
1937 - Spanish Civil War: The GermanCondor Legion, equipped with Heinkel He 51 biplanes, arrive in Spain to assist Franco's forces.
1954 - Indochina War: The Battle of Dien Bien Phu ends in a French defeat (the battle began on March 13).
source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_7

1915: German submarine sinks Lusitania - The earlier German attacks on merchant ships off the south coast of Ireland prompted the British Admiralty to warn the Lusitania to avoid the area or take simple evasive action, such as zigzagging to confuse U-boats plotting the vessel's course. The captain of the Lusitania ignored these recommendations, and at 2:12 p.m. on May 7, in the waters of the Celtic Sea, the 32,000-ton ship was hit by an exploding torpedo on its starboard side. The torpedo blast was followed by a larger explosion, probably of the ship's boilers. The Lusitania sank within 20 minutes.
1944: Atlantic - German U-boats sink RCN frigate HMCS Valleyfield.
source:
http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_...mth=May&day=07

1779 - Continental Navy sloop Providence captures British brig Diligent off Cape Charles
1934 - USS Constitution completes tour of principal U.S. ports
1940 - FDR orders Pacific Fleet to remain in Hawaiian waters indefinitely
1942 - Carrier aircraft sink Japanese carrier Shoho during Battle of Coral Sea
source:
http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/datesmay.htm

1941: The Luftwaffe launches the first of two consecutive night raids against the British port of Hull.
1942: The Battle of the Coral Sea begins, as the Japanese Striking Force (Admiral Inouye), which consists of the carriers Shokaku and Zuikaku, 2 cruisers and 6 destroyers make the first strike. This is against the oiler Neosho and her escorting destroyer, which are on their way to rendezvous with Admiral Fletchers Task Force 17, which includes the carriers Yorktown and Lexington, 8 cruisers and 11 destroyers. The Neosho takes serious damage and eventually has to be scuttled. Admiral Fletcher then orders a cruiser squadron consisting of HMAS Australia, Hobart, USN Chicago and 2 destroyers to attack the Port Moresby invasion force, but this soon comes under Japanese air attack, although it did divert Japanese attention away from the American carriers. At the same time, Admiral Inouye orders the Invasion Force to turn away from the Jomard Passage until the American carriers have been dealt with. Admiral Fletcher now launched a strike from the Yorktown against what he thought was a major Japanese task force, but which turned out to be only 2 light cruisers and 2 gunboats. However, aircraft from the Lexington spotted the Japanese carrier Shoho and sank her. Later that afternoon the Japanese launched 27 aircraft against the US carrier Task Force, but they failed to locate their targets and only 6 returned safely. At midnight, Admiral Inouye decided to postpone the invasion of Port Moresby for two days. Vichy French resistance ends in Madagascar.
1943: Tunis falls to British First Army. In a speech to Nazi Party Reichsleiters and Gauleiters in Berlin, Hitler says tht U-boat warfare will be stepped up as the surest way to "cut the arteries of the enemy." Even as the Fuhrer speaks, however, the calamity of "Black May" for the U-boat force is unfolding in the Atlantic.
1944: 300,000 Japanese troops begin their preliminary moves prior to an offensive from the Canton and Hankow area in eastern China, with the aim of capturing allied airfields. The US 8th Air Force launches a 1,500-bomber raid against Berlin.
1945: General Böhne announces the unconditional surrender of German troops in Norway. The British Eighth Army crosses the Italian/Austrian border. British troops enter Utrecht to a tumultuous reception.
source:
http://www.worldwar-2.net/timelines/timelines-index.htm