This day in military history.. - Page 53




 
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April 21st, 2008  
FULLMETALJACKET
 
 
Quote:
Originally Posted by tomtom22

1775 - American Revolutionary War: the siege of Boston begins, which followed the first battles at Lexington and Concord.



nice.
April 22nd, 2008  
tomtom22
 
 

April 21st

1945: The Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front captures Bautzen and Cottbus 70 miles SE of Berlin. In East Prussia, remnants of AOK Ostpreussen (von Saucken) are still resisting in the port of Pillau, the Frische Nehrung and the Vistula delta between Danzig and Marienburg. In the West, continued German resistance around Elbingerode in the Harz Mountains. In Italy, heavy fighting near Bologna and along the Po river.
source:
http://www.feldgrau.com/april.html

1917: Foundation of the Imperial War Graves Commission - The Imperial War Graves Commission was later renamed the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. It is responsible for erecting and maintaining war memorials and cemeteries.
source:
http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/thismonth/index.asp

1861 - USS Saratoga captures slaver, Nightingale.
source:
http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/datesapr.htm

1836 - Texas Revolution: Battle of San JacintoRepublic of Texas forces under Sam Houston defeat troops under MexicanGeneralAntonio López de Santa Anna.
1894 -
Norway formally adopts the Krag-Jørgensen rifle as the main arm of its armed forces, a weapon that would remain in service for almost 50 years.
1898 -
Spanish-American War: The U.S. Congress, on April 25, recognizes that a state of war exists between the United States and Spain as of this date.
1945 -
World War II: Soviet Union forces south of Berlin at Zossen attack the GermanHigh Command headquarters.
41975 -
Vietnam War: President of South VietnamNguyen Van Thieu flees Saigon, as Xuan Loc, the last South Vietnamese outpost blocking a direct North Vietnamese assault on Saigon, falls.
source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_21

1961: French army revolts in Algeria
source:
http://www.tnl.net/when/4/21

1918: Bertangles France - German air ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen 1881-1918 shot down and killed over the Western Front during a dogfight with Captain Roy Brown a flight leader in the 209th Squadron of the Royal Flying Corps. It is likely that Australian ground fire downed the Red Baron, victor over 80 Allied planes.
source:
http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_...mth=Apr&day=21

1777: British troops under the command of General William Tryon attack the town of Danbury, Connecticut, and begin destroying everything in sight. Facing little, if any, opposition from Patriot forces, the British went on a rampage, setting fire to homes, farmhouse, storehouses and more than 1,500 tents.
1863: Union Colonel Abel Streight begins a raid into northern Alabama and Georgia with the goal of cutting the Western and Atlantic Railroad between Chattanooga and Atlanta. The raid ended when Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest captured Streight's entire command near Rome, Georgia.
1945: British Guardsman Edward Charlton wins the last Victoria Cross of the war for saving the lives of several men trapped in their tank during a battle in the German village of Wistedt. He is so badly wounded during his act of heroism that he dies shortly after being taken prisoner. A total of 182 Victoria Crosses--Britain's highest honor for valor--were finally awarded for World War II.
1965: The Central Intelligence Agency and the Defense Intelligence Agency report a "most ominous" development: a regiment of the People's Army of Vietnam--the regular army of North Vietnam--division is now operating with the Viet Cong in South Vietnam.
source:
http://www.history.com/tdih

April 23rd, 2008  
LeEnfield
 
 
Well it's St Georges Day today time for a couple of beers
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April 23rd, 2008  
tomtom22
 
 

April 22nd

1945: In the battle for Berlin, units of the Soviet 1st Belorussian Front (now Sokolovsky) have penetrated into the northern and eastern suburbs of the city. Hitler, ignoring the entreaties of his entourage whom he orders to leave for Berchtesgaden, and realizing that the war is lost, decides to stay in his bunker at Berlin to await the inevitable end.
source:
http://www.feldgrau.com/april.html

1941: Evacuation of Greece begins - The evacuation marked the end of the ill-conceived Greek campaign which lasted only three weeks and saw the Allies retreat ever southwards in the face of the German advance until they were evacuated at the end of April.
source:
http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/thismonth/index.asp

1778 - Captain John Paul Jones of Ranger led landing party raid on Whitehaven, England
source:
http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/datesapr.htm

1836 - Texas Revolution: A day after the Battle of San Jacinto forces under TexasGeneralSam Houston capture MexicanGeneralAntonio López de Santa Anna.
1863 -
American Civil War: Grierson's Raid begins – troops under UnionColonelBenjamin Grierson attack central Mississippi.
1898 -
Spanish-American War: The United States Navy begins a blockade of Cuban ports and the USS Nashville captures a Spanish merchant ship.
1944 -
World War II: Operation Persecution initiated – Allied forces land in the Hollandia (currently known as Jayapura) area of New Guinea.
2006 - Four
Canadian soldiers are killed 75 kilometers north of Kandahar, Afghanistan by a roadside bomb planted by Taliban militants, the worst single day combat loss for the Canadian army since the Korean War.
source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_22

1915: Ypres Belgium - Germans release poisonous chlorine (mustard) gas across the fields of Flanders towards French Algerian troops at Ypres; opens up 6.5 km gap; Canadian 13th Battalion stands firm under heavy shelling; many Canadians gassed.
1945: Netherlands - Canadian Army halts front operations in western Holland due to the need to feed the starving Dutch people, their fields flooded and their barns looted by the retreating Germans.
source:
http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_...mth=Apr&day=22

1778 : John Paul Jones leads American raid on Whitehaven, England - At 11 p.m., Commander John Paul Jones leads a small detachment of two boats from his ship, the USS Ranger, to raid the shallow port at Whitehaven, England, where, by his own account, 400 British merchant ships are anchored. Jones was hoping to reach the port at midnight, when ebb tide would leave the shops at their most vulnerable.
source:
http://www.history.com/

April 23rd, 2008  
tomtom22
 
 

April 23rd

1945: In the West, units of the British Second Army reach Harburg across the Elbe from Hamburg. Reichsführer-SS Himmler begins secret negotiations for a separate peace in the West with Count Bernadotte, head of the Swedish Red Cross. In the battle for Berlin, the attacking Soviet armies have now completely surrounded the city and are systematically decimating the motley ranks, consisting of various Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS units (including numbers of Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Latvian and French volunteers) as well as Volkssturm and Hitler Youth, of the exhausted and badly outmanned and outgunned defenders who are now under the command of General Weidling, CO of LVI. Panzerkorps.
source:
http://www.feldgrau.com/april.html

1918: Ostend and Zeebruge, Belgium, raided. Eleven volunteers from HMAS Australia took part in a raid that aimed to close of the Belgian Port of Bruges for use as a base for German submarines.
1951: Battle of Kapyong, Korea - The most well-known Australian action of the Korean war, Kapyong involved the 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment. The fighting at Kapyong blunted the Chinese advance during the 1951 Spring Offensive and prevented a Communist breakthrough on the United Nations central front. The 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment was awarded a United States Presidential citation for their part in the battle.
source:
http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/thismonth/index.asp

1918 - USS Stewart destroys German submarine off France
source:
http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/datesapr.htm

1915: St. Julien, Belgium - Canadian 13th Battalion Quebec Regiment (Royal Highlanders of Canada) moves up reserves to plug a gap in the line at Ypres. Lance-Corporal Frederick Fisher goes forward with his company machine-gun under heavy fire, and covers the retreat of a battery, losing four of his gun team. He then obtains four more men, and moves forward again to the firing line, but is killed while bringing his machine-gun into action under very heavy fire. For his bravery, Fisher is awarded the Victoria Cross posthumously on June 23, the first Canadian-born man to win the VC while serving in the Canadian Army.
source:
http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_...mth=Apr&day=23

1942: In retaliation for the British raid on Lubeck, German bombers strike Exeter and later Bath, Norwick, York, and other "medieval-city centres." Almost 1,000 English civilians are killed in the bombing attacks nicknamed "Baedeker Raids."
source:
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?actio...yId=worldwarii

1014 - Battle of Clontarf: Brian Boru defeats Viking invaders, but is killed in battle.
1521 - Battle of Villalar: King Charles I of Spain defeats the Comuneros.
source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_23

April 25th, 2008  
tomtom22
 
 

April 24th

1941: German forces in Greece break through British positions at Thermopylae. The British expeditionary force begins the evacuation of its troops to Egypt and Crete.
1945: In the West, the US Seventh Army (Patch) crosses the Danube at Dillingen and captures Ulm. In the battle of Berlin, the Soviet armies are tightening their grip and are slowly advancing toward the center of the city.
source:
http://www.feldgrau.com/april.html

1918: Second battle of Villers-Bretonneux, Western Front - When the Germans captured the town that had been the centre of fighting just three weeks previously Australian and British troops drove them out in a daring night time attack at a cost of 1,469 casualties.
1918:Lieutenant C.W.K. Sadlier, VC - Lieutenant C.W.K. Sadlier, 51st Battalion, originally from Camberwell, Vic, wins the Victoria Cross at Villers Bretonneux.
1998: Hellfire Pass Memorial Museum opened - The Memorial Museum, honouring Australian prisoners who worked on the Burma-Thailand railway, was opened by the Australian Prime Minister, the Hon. John Howard.
source:
http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/thismonth/index.asp

1778 - Continental Navy sloop Ranger captures HMS Drake
1862 - Battle of New Orleans; Union Navy under David Farragut runs past forts into Mississippi River
source:
http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/datesapr.htm

1877 - Russo-Turkish War, 1877–1878: Russia declares war on Ottoman Empire.
1941 -
World War II: Operation Demon – The United Kingdom begins evacuating Greece.
1980 - Eight
U.S. servicemen died in Operation Eagle Claw as they attempted to end the Iran hostage crisis.
1991 -
Freddie Stowers is awarded the posthumousMedal of Honor for which he had been recommended in 1918.
source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_24

1915: Ypres Belgium - Germans pour shells and mustard gas against Canadian troops, but their attack is repelled. Canadians win two Victoria Crosses during this day in Flanders:
At St-Julien, Company Sergeant-Major William Hall (1885-1915) of the 8th Battalion, 90th Winnipeg Rifles, makes a second attempt to help a wounded man lying 15 yards from the trench, in the face of very heavy enfilade fire by the enemy, when he is killed by a bullet in the head [awarded posthumously 23 June]. Near Kerselaere, Lieutenant Edward Donald Bellew (1892-1961) of the 7th Battalion, British Columbia Regiment, is in action as battalion machine-gun officer, with two guns in action on high ground, when the enemy's attack breaks in full force. With no reinforcements in sight, Lt. Bellew and his Sergeant Peerless decide to fight it out; Peerless is killed and Bellew wounded, yet he keeps up his fire until his ammunition fails, and he is taken prisoner. [awarded on his release from POW camp, May 15 1919].
1951: Kapyong Korea - Canadian troops defend Kapyong Valley in Korea against two-day Chinese attack; 10 dead, 23 wounded.
source:
http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_...mth=Apr&day=24

1781: British General William Phillips lands on the banks of the James River at City Port, Virginia. Once there, he combined forces with British General Benedict Arnold, the former American general and notorious traitor, to launch an attack on the town of Petersburg, Virginia, located about 12 miles away.
source:
http://www.history.com/tdih

April 25th, 2008  
LeEnfield
 
 
Today is Anzac Day, good on yer Digger
April 25th, 2008  
tomtom22
 
 

April 25th

1945: Units of the US Ninth Army (Simpson) and the Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front (Konev) meet on the Elbe at Torgau, 100 miles SW of Berlin. In Berlin, the battle continues with unabated ferocity, both sides suffering heavy casualties in bitter house-to-house fighting. The relief attack by III.Panzerkorps (Steiner) from the area of Eberswalde 50 miles NE of Berlin fails for lack of forces. The isolated fortress of Breslau is still holding out. In Italy, US and British forces cross the Po river and capture Parma and Mantua. German U-boats sink 5 Allied supply ships in the English Channel. Beginning of the San Francisco Conference convened to discuss the founding of the United Nations.
source:
http://www.feldgrau.com/april.html

1901: Naval contingent return to Sydney from China - Sailors from New South Wales, South Australia and Victoria were sent to China to assist in quelling an anti-western rebellion by Chinese secret societies. They arrived too late to see any significant fighting. The Australian colonial force suffered only six fatalities, none from combat.
1915: Landings at Gallipoli - British, French and Australian troops were involved in the landings. Although the Gallipoli campaign was a military failure, the anniversary of the landing has become a national day of commemoration in Australia.

1916: First commemoration of ANZAC Day - The first anniversary of the Gallipoli landings was widely observed in Australia. Large crowds attended church services and public ceremonies . The day was also commemorated by Australian and New Zealand servicemen in Egypt and London.
1918: Fighting around Villers-Bretonneux - When the Germans captured the town that had been the centre of fighting just three weeks previously Australian and British troops drove them out in a daring night time attack at a cost of 1,469 casualties.
source: http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/thismonth/apr.htm

1862 - Union naval forces occupy New Orleans, LA
1898 - Congress declares war existed with Spain since 21 April
1914 - First combat observation mission by Navy plane, at Veracruz, Mexico.
source:
http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/datesapr.htm

1781: British General Lord Charles Cornwallis retreats to Wilmington, North Carolina, after being defeated at Guilford Courthouse by 4,500 Continental Army soldiers and militia under the command of American Major General Nathanael Greene.
1862: Admiral David Farragut captures New Orleans a day after his fleet successfully sailed past two Confederate forts on the Mississippi River the day before, and the Confederates lose a major city early in the war.
1945: Russian armies completely encircle Berlin, linking up with the U.S. First Army patrol, first on the western bank of the Elbe, then later at Torgau. Germany is, for all intents and purposes, Allied territory.
source:
http://www.history.com/tdih

1940: Scotland - Two Canadian battalions held back in Scotland; on the way to join British force bound for Norway.
1945: Germany - RCAF's No. 6 Group makes its last bombing raid over Germany.
source:
http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Apr&day=25

1607 - Eighty Years' War: Dutch fleet destroys the anchored Spanish fleet at Gibraltar.
1707 - The
Habsburg army is defeated by Bourbon army at Almansa (Spain) in the War of the Spanish Succession.
1972 -
Vietnam War: Nguyen Hue Offensive – The North Vietnamese 320th Division forces 5,000 South Vietnamese troops to retreat and traps about 2,500 others northwest of Kontum.
source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_25

April 27th, 2008  
tomtom22
 
 

April 26th

1945: The British Second Army (Dempsey) enters Bremen. In the East, the Soviet 3rd Belorussian Front (Vassilevsky) captures the port of Pillau 20 miles W of Königsberg, while the 2nd Belorussian Front (Rokossovsky) occupies Stettin at the mouth of the Oder. The remnants of 9.Armee (Busse) are cut off and surrounded in the Halbe pocket 30 miles SW of Frankfurt.
source:
http://www.feldgrau.com/april.html

1921 - U.S. Naval Detachment left Yugoslavia after administering area around Spalato for 2 years to guarantee transfer of area from Austria to new country
1952 - USS Hobson sinks after colliding with USS Wasp; 176 lives lost
source:
http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/datesapr.h1944:Alexishafen occupied - Alexishafen, New Guinea, was occupied by Australian troops.

1953:Cease Fire talks resume in Panmunjong. Warring sides try to bring an end to the fighting in Korea.
source:
http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/thismonth/apr.htm

1805 - United States Marines captured Derne, Tripoli under the command of First LieutenantPresley O'Bannon.
1945 -
World War II: Battle of Bautzen - last successful German tank-offensive of the war.
2005 - Under international pressure,
Syria withdraws the last of its 14,000 troop military garrison in Lebanon, ending its 29-year military domination of that country.
source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_26

1860: Toronto Ontario - Founding of the Second Battalion Volunteer Militia Rifles of Canada from six independent militia units; later the Queen's Own Rifles of Canada, oldest regiment in the Canadian Armed Forces.
1944: Atlantic -Canadian warships sink German destroyer off France.
source: http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_...mth=Apr&day=26

April 27th, 2008  
tomtom22
 
 

April 27th

1941: German troops enter Athens, the Greek capital.
1944: German planes spot an Allied convoy west of Start Point along the Channel Coast. The convoy is actually making a practice run for the planned invasion of Normandy on a stretch of coast very much alike to that found in the Normandy region of France. The 5.Schnellbootflottille and 9.Schnellbootflottille are directed to attack at night, which they do with the following boats: S100, S130, S138, S138, S140, S142, S143, S145, S150. They engaged the convoy, consisting of 8 landing craft (LSTs or Landing Ship Tank), and protected only by the English Korvette Azeala, at Lyme Bay. The result: LST 507, on fire, had to be given up, LST 531 was sunk, and LST 289 received a torpedo hit which killed many soldiers. Total Allied losses were 197 seaman and 441 soldiers lost. The event was largely covered up by the Allies during and after WWII and is not well known.
1945: The US First Army (Hodges) captures Straubing and Kempten in Bavaria, while in Italy the US Fifth Army (Clark) enters Genoa. In the battle of Berlin, Red Army units reach the government center, close to the Reichstag and Hitler's bunker beneath the Reich Chancellery. The German 12. Armee (Wenck) defending against US forces on the Elbe is ordered to launch a relief attack east toward Potsdam and Berlin. The Soviet 2nd Belorussian Front captures Prenzlau and Tangermnde 70 NW of Berlin.
source:
http://www.feldgrau.com/april.html

1942: Darwin bombed by Japanese aircraftDarwin was bombed 64 times during the Second World War.
source:
http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/thismonth/apr.htm

1813: Toronto Ontario - Invasion force of 1,700 US troops under Zebulon Pike and Henry Dearborn assaults the town of York; Sheaffe and 600 defenders withdraw to Kingston; Americans torch Upper Canada's parliament buildings, and depart May 8 after burning and looting the town. Britain retaliates a year later by raiding Washington, and setting fire to the White House.
source:
http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Apr&day=27

1296 - Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England.
1650 - The
Battle of Carbisdale: A Royalist army invades mainland Scotland from Orkney Island but is defeated by a Covenanter army.
1945 - World War II: Last German troops are expelled from
Finnish Lapland (the last day of World War II going on in Finland). The day is the national war veteran day in Finland.
source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_27

1805 - Naval forces capture Derne, Tripoli; raise U.S. flag over foreign soil
1813 - U.S. Navy and Army forces capture York (now Toronto), Canada
1861 - President Lincoln extended blockade of Confederacy to VA and NC ports
1865 - Body of John Wilkes Booth brought to Washington Navy Yard.

source: http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/datesapr.htm

1916: Three British officers, including the famous Captain T.E. Lawrence (known as “Lawrence of Arabia”), attempt to engineer the escape of thousands of British troops under siege at the city of Kut-al-Amara in Mesopotamia through a secret negotiation with the Turkish command.
1941: German army enters the Greek capital, signaling the end of Greek resistance. All mainland Greece and all the Greek Aegean islands except Crete are under German occupation by May 11. In fending off the Axis invaders, the Greeks suffer the loss of 15,700 men. Greece will not be liberated until 1944, by British troops from the Mediterranean theater.
1972: North Vietnamese troops shatter defenses north of Quang Tri and move to within 2.5 miles of the city. Using Russian-built tanks, they took Dong Ha, 7 miles north of Quang Tri, the next day and continued to tighten their ring around Quang Tri, shelling it heavily. South Vietnamese troops suffered their highest casualties for any week in the war in the bitter fighting.
source: http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?