This day in military history.. - Page 16

January 21st, 2006  
01/21/1506 500 years ago the Pope has hired his first Suiss Guards
January 22nd, 2006  
Still quite a new unit when you compare it to the the Yeoman Of The Guard at the Tower Of London
January 30th, 2006  

Topic: 1972: Army kills 13 in civil rights protest

1972: Army kills 13 in civil rights protest
British troops have opened fire on a crowd of demonstrators in the Bogside district of Londonderry, killing 13 civilians.

Seventeen more people, including one woman, were injured by gunfire. Another woman was knocked down by a speeding car.

The army said two soldiers had been hurt and up to 60 people arrested.
This day was to be known as "Bloody Sunday".
February 6th, 2006  

Topic: Lots of different stuff!

February 5

1945: On the Eastern front, the Red Army approaches Elbing and Marienburg in East Prussia.

1782 - Spanish defeat British forces and capture Minorca.
1945 - World War II: GeneralDouglas MacArthur returns to Manila.
1968 - The Battle of Khe Sanh of the Vietnam War begins.
2003 - U.S. plan to invade Iraq: Colin Powell addresses the UN Security Council on Iraq. Source:

1980 - THE MAN CALLED INTREPID IS HONORED Hamilton Bermuda - Sir William Stephenson is awarded the Order of Canada; the ailing Winnipeg-born engineer pioneered digital wireless photo transmission. He worked for British intelligence during World War II under the code name Intrepid, and was the personal contact man between Churchill and Roosevelt. Source:

1917 - Murray, VC - Captain H.W. Murray, 4th Division, originally from Launceston, Tasmania, wins the Victoria Cross at Stormy Trench north-east of Gueudecourt, France.

1865 - Battle of Dabney's Mill (Hatcher's Run) - Union and Confederate forces around Petersburg, Virginia, begin a three-day battle that produces 3,000 casualties but ends with no significant advantage for either side.
1918 - U.S. steamship Tuscania is torpedoed and sinks - Anchor line steamship Tuscania, traveling as part of a British convoy and transporting over 2,000 American soldiers bound for Europe, is torpedoed and sinks off the coast of Ireland by the German submarine U-77.
1941 - Hitler to Mussolini: Fight harder! - Adolf Hitler scolds his Axis partner, Benito Mussolini, for his troops' retreat in the face of British advances in Libya, demanding that the Duce command his forces to resist.
1960 - South Vietnam requests more support - The South Vietnamese government requests that Washington double U.S. Military Assistance and Advisory Group (MAAG-Vietnam) strength from 342 to 685. The advisory group was formed on November 1, 1955 to provide military assistance to South Vietnam. It had replaced U.S. Military Assistance Advisory Group Indochina (MAAG-Indochina), which had been providing military assistance to "the forces of France and the Associated States in Indochina"
(Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam) in accordance with President Harry S. Truman's order of June 27, 1950.
1975 - North Vietnamese begin preparations for offensive - North Vietnamese Gen. Van Tien Dung departs for South Vietnam to take command of communist forces in preparation for a new offensive. In December 1974, the North Vietnamese 7th Division and the newly formed 3rd Division attacked Phuoc Long Province, north of Saigon. This attack represented an escalation in the "cease-fire war" that started shortly after the Paris Peace Accords were signed in 1973.
1989 - The last Soviet troops leave Kabul - In an important move signaling the close of the nearly decade-long Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan, the last Russian troops withdraw from the capital city of Kabul. Less than two weeks later, all Soviet troops departed Afghanistan entirely, ending what many observers referred to as Russia's "Vietnam."

P. S. I was gone for two weeks, and I am disappointed that no one else could fill in during my absence.
February 7th, 2006  

Topic: Nothing for Australia

February 7

1942: The drive of the Afrikakorps toward Egypt and the Suez Canal comes to a halt before Tobruk.
1945: In East Prussia, Soviet attacks north of Königsberg are blocked with the help of naval gunfire by the cruisers Scheer and Lützow.

1807 - Napoléon's French Empire begin fighting against Russian and Prussian forces of the Fourth Coalition at the Battle of Eylau in Eylau, Poland.
1842 - Battle of Debre Tabor: Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien.
1944 - World War II: In Anzio, ItalyNazi forces launch a counteroffensive.

1945: Black Sea talks plan defeat of Germany - Plans are being drawn up by London, Washington and Moscow for the final phase of the war against Germany.

1862: Confederates order reinforcements to Fort Donelson - One day after the fall of Fort Henry on the Tennessee River, Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston, commander of Rebel forces in the west, orders 15,000 reinforcements to Fort Donelson. This fort lay on the Cumberland River just a few miles from Fort Henry. Johnston's decision turned out to be a mistake, as many of the troops were captured when the Fort Donelson fell to the Yankees on February 16.
1915: Winter Battle of the Masurian Lakes begins - In a blinding snowstorm, General Fritz von Below and Germany’s Eighth Army launch a surprise attack against the Russian lines just north of the Masurian Lakes on the Eastern Front, beginning the Winter Battle of the Masurian Lakes (also known as the Second Battle of the Masurian Lakes).
1965: U.S. jets conduct retaliatory raids - As part of Operation Flaming Dart, 49 U.S. Navy jets from the 7th Fleet carriers Coral Sea and Hancock drop bombs and rockets on the barracks and staging areas at Dong Hoi, a guerrilla training camp in North Vietnam. Escorted by U.S. jets, a follow-up raid by South Vietnamese planes bombed a North Vietnamese military communications center.
1971: Operation Dewey Canyon II ends but U.S. units continue to provide support for South Vietnamese army operations in Laos. Operation Dewey Canyon II began on January 30 as the initial phase of Lam Son 719, the South Vietnamese invasion of Laos that was to commence on February 8. The purpose of the South Vietnamese operation was to interdict the Ho Chi Minh Trail, advance to Tchepone in Laos, and destroy the North Vietnamese supply dumps in the area.

February 9th, 2006  

February 8

1941: The first convoy of the newly formed Afrikakorps under the command of Generaloberst Rommel leaves Naples for Tripoli in Libya.
1943: The Red Army recaptures Kursk.
1944: German roops evacuate Nikopol in the Ukraine.
1945: In the West, the Canadian First Army (Crerar) begins an offensive in the area of Nijmegen in Holland. Paraguay declares war on Germany. In the East, Soviet attacks in East Prussia, Pommerania and on the Oder front opposite Berlin continue with unabated ferocity.

1942:Japanese invade Singapore - Singapore was believed to be an impregnable fortress but the Japanese advance from the Malayan Peninsula proved the falsity of this belief.

1807 - Battle of Eylau - Napoleon defeats Russians under GeneralBenigssen.
1900 - British troops are defeated by Boers at Ladysmith, South Africa.
1904 - Battle of Port Arthur: A surprise torpedo attack by the Japanese at Port Arthur, China starts the Russo-Japanese War.
1943 - World War II: Battle of Guadalcanal - United States forces defeat Japanese troops.

1777: Former POW Timothy Bigelow is named colonel - Just six months after his release as a prisoner-of-war, Major Timothy Bigelow becomes colonel of the 15th Massachusetts Colonial Line of the Continental Army.
1862: Battle of Roanoke Island - Union General Ambrose Burnside scores a major victory when he captures Roanoke Island in North Carolina. The victory was one of the first major Union victories of the war and it gave the Yankees control of the mouth of Albemarle Sound, a key Confederate bay that allowed the Union to threaten the Rebel capital of Richmond from the south.
1918: U.S. Army resumes publication of Stars and Stripes - The United States Army resumes publication of the military newsletter Stars and Stripes. Begun as a newsletter for Union soldiers during the American Civil War, Stars and Stripes was published weekly during World War I from February 8, 1918, until June 13, 1919. The newspaper was distributed to American soldiers dispersed across the Western Front to keep them unified and informed about the overall war effort and America’s part in it, as well as supply them with news from the home front.
1943: Britain's Indian Brigade begins guerrilla operations in Burma - Under the command of Major General Orde Wingate, the 77th Indian Brigade, also called the Chindits, launch guerrilla raids behind Japanese lines in Burma.
1962: MACV established - The Military Assistance Command Vietnam (MACV), headed by Gen. Paul D. Harkins, former U.S. Army Deputy Commander-in-Chief in the Pacific, is installed in Saigon as the United States reorganizes its military command in South Vietnam.
1971: Operation Lam Son 719 begins - South Vietnamese army forces invade southern Laos. Dubbed Operation Lam Son 719, the mission goal was to disrupt the communist supply and infiltration network along Route 9 in Laos, adjacent to the two northern provinces of South Vietnam.
February 11th, 2006  

Topic: Lots of different stuff in ancient times!

February 10

1945: In the East, the attack by 2nd Belorussian Front (Rokossovsky) against the Pommernstellung is blocked by the German defenders. In Silesia, Liegnitz is captured by the 1st Ukrainian Front (Konev). In Hungary, the remnants of the defenders of Budapest give up and surrender.

1962: Russia frees US spy plane pilot - American spy plane pilot Captain Francis "Gary" Powers has been freed from prison in the Soviet Union in exchange for a Russian spy jailed in the US.

1258 - Battle of Baghdad - Mongols overrun Baghdad, burning it to the ground and killing large numbers of citizens (estimates range from 10,000 to 800,000).
1763 - French and Indian War: The 1763 Treaty of Paris ends the war and France cedes Canada to Great Britain.
1814 - Battle of Champaubert occurs.
1846 - Battle of Sobraon - British defeat Sikhs in final battle of 1st Anglo-Sikh War

1944:End of Japanese resistance on the Houn Peninsula - Fighting in the Huon Peninsula lasted from August 1943 until mid-February 1944 and involved heavy fighting at such places as Lae, Finschhafen, Sattelberg, Shaggy Ridge and the Ramu Valley.

1779: The Battle of Carr’s Fort - A force of more than 340 men from the South Carolina and Georgia militias, led by Colonel Andrew Pickens of South Carolina with Colonel John Dooly and Lt Colonel Elijah Clarke of Georgia, attack a group of approximately 200 Loyalists under the command of Colonel John Hamilton at Robert Carr’s Fort, in Wilkes County, Georgia.
1942: Japanese sub bombards Midway - A Japanese submarine launches a brutal attack on Midway, a coral atoll used as a U.S. Navy base. It was the fourth bombing of the atoll by Japanese ships since December 7.
1965: Viet Cong guerrillas blow up the U.S. barracks at Qui Nhon, 75 miles east of Pleiku on the central coast, with a 100-pound explosive charge under the building. A total of 23 U.S. personnel were killed, as well as two Viet Cong. In response to the attack, President Lyndon B. Johnson ordered a retaliatory air strike operation on North Vietnam called Flaming Dart II.
February 12th, 2006  
Here is for Febuary 12, 2006

President Clinton aquitted on Febuary 12, 1999

World War ll Rommel arrives in Libya North Africa Febuary 12, 1941

February 13th, 2006  
February 13

1945: The RAF launches a heavy attack (over 800 bombers in two separate waves, which is followed the next day by 400 bombers of the US 8th Air Force) against Dresden that incinerates the inner city and kills between 150,000 and 200,000 civilians, including tens of thousands of refugees from the East and hundreds of Allied prisoners of war; it is by far the most deadly and devastating air raid of the Second World War. On the Eastern front in Pommerania, the Red Army captures Schneidemül.

1945 - World War II: Soviet Union forces capture Budapest, Hungary from the Nazis.
1971 - Vietnam War: Backed by American air and artillery support, South Vietnamese troops invade Laos.

1946:Main Australian contingent of BCOF sailed for Japan from Morotai -Australian personnel played a prominent role in the British Commonwealth Occupation Force in Japan at the conclusion of the Second World War in the Pacific. They were allotted the devastated Hiroshima Prefecture on the island of Honshu.
1965:1st Australian SAS Squadron advance party departs for Borneo -The SAS served in Borneo during Confrontation to gather intelligence, conduct reconnaissance patrols and collect information on topography.

1965: Johnson approves Operation Rolling Thunder - President Lyndon B. Johnson decides to undertake the sustained bombing of North Vietnam that he and his advisers have been contemplating for a year.

1940: Russian troops capture forts on Karelia Isthmus.
1944: The allies halt the German attack around Cassino. The Italians in Cassino Monastery are warned that it will be bombed. Another British counter-offensive begins in Arakan, Burma.
1945: U.S. troops capture the last Japanese naval base and airfield on Luzon.
February 14th, 2006  

Topic: All kinds of history

February 14

1943: German troops of Heeresgruppe Don (von Manstein) evacuate Rostov and withdraw to the old Mius line. In Tunisia, 5.Panzerarmee (von Arnim) forces the retreat of the US 2nd Corps (Fredenhall) in the battle of Kasserine Pass.
1945: On the Eastern front in Silesia, the Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front (Konev) encircles Breslau which has been declared a fortress under the command of Gauleiter Hanke. Uruguay declares war against Germany.

1900: The relief of Kimberley, Orange Free State, South Africa, was a major operation undertaken to break the Boer siege of the town. 500 Australians of the Queensland Mounted Infantry, New South Wales Mounted Rifles and New South Wales Lancers were involved in the breaking of the siege as part of the cavalry division commanded by Lieutenant-General John French.
1942: SS Vyner Brooke sunk. The Vyner Brooke, carrying 65 Australian nurses and other refugees from Singapore, was sunk by Japanese aircraft one day after leaving the island. The survivors made their way to Banka Island where one group of nurses were massacred by their Japanese captors. Only Sister Vivian Bullwinkel survived the massacre.

1797 - John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent & Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson led the British Royal Navy to victory over a Spanish fleet in the Battle of Cape St. Vincent near Gibraltar.
1831 - Ras Marye of Yejju marches into Tigray and defeats and kills Dejazmach Sabagadis in the Battle of Debre Abbay.
1879 - The War of the Pacific breaks out when Chilean armed forces occupy the Bolivian port city of Antofagasta.
1900 - Second Boer War: In South Africa, 20,000 British troops invade the Orange Free State.
1944 - World War II: Anti-Japanese revolt on Java.
1945 - Bombing of Dresden in World War II: The BritishRoyal Air Force and the United States Army Air Force begin fire-bombingDresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony.

1941: Kurmuk near the Ethiopian border in Sudan is recaptured by British forces. Leading elements of the German 5th Light Division arrive at Tripoli and are immediately moved up to Sirte to take up defensive positions.
1942: The Japanese being their invasion of Sumatra with airborne landings at Palembang.
1944: The Americans announce that the Japanese remaining in Solomon Islands are now trapped. Eisenhower sets up the SHAEF HQ in Britain.
1945: The British Indian 4th Corps begins to cross Irrawaddy and strike into the Japanese rear. The first use of napalm is made in Burma. Canadian and British troops reach the Rhine, 40 miles Northwest of Duisberg.

1779: Patriots defeat Loyalists at Kettle Creek - A Patriot militia force of 340 led by Colonel Andrew Pickens of South Carolina with Colonel John Dooly and Lieutenant Colonel Elijah Clarke of Georgia defeats a larger force of 700 Loyalist militia commanded by Colonel James Boyd on this day in 1779 at Kettle Creek, Georgia.
1864: Sherman enters Meridian, Mississippi - Union General William T. Sherman enters Meridian, Mississippi, during a winter campaign that served as a precursor to Sherman's "March to the Sea." This often-overlooked campaign was the first attempt by the Union at total warfare, a strike aimed not just at military objectives but also at the will of the southern people.