LORD NELSON

About LORD NELSON


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June 26th, 2005   #1
KC72
 
 

LORD NELSON info


Quote:
This weekend sees the start of a raft of events culminating in the 200th anniversary of the Battle of Trafalgar. At the centre is one of Britain's greatest heroes, Lord Horatio Nelson.

Nelson's state funeral in 1805 was the largest ever. The procession behind his coffin, as it travelled from the Admiralty to St Paul's Cathedral, stretched a mile-and-a-half in near silence but for the doffing of caps.

Nations need heroes, and Nelson, a passionate man in love and war, was the stuff of them.

Yet he was very much the people's hero, for, at the height of his fame, he was shunned by the Establishment.

His achievement was, through a series of stunning naval successes against France and Spain that culminated in Trafalgar, to ensure that Britannia ruled the waves for more than a hundred years.

The victory arguably scotched all hopes of an invasion of Britain by Napoleon Bonaparte enabling the British Empire to grow safely.

The intuitive brilliance of Nelson was developed from an early age. He was born in the Norfolk village of Burnham Thorpe in 1758, the son of a parson.

His mother, who had a distant connection with aristocracy, died when he was nine, an event, he said, which haunted him for the rest of his life.

It was an uncle on his mother's side who got him into the Royal Navy at the tender age of 12.

The Nelson Touch

By the time he was 16, he had travelled the world and learned all the basics of seamanship; by 21, he was a captain, one of the youngest in the navy.

His man-management and leadership skills are legendary. He was able to quell a mutiny by sheer force of character alone. He established a blend of discipline and a sympathetic approach to his men that was based on mutual trust.

It became known as the Nelson Touch. He knew all his crew by name and each was aware precisely of what was expected of them. This, in turn, inspired great loyalty.

He referred to his fellow officers as his "band of brothers". When he died at Trafalgar, many a hardened sailor broke down and wept.

In the course of wars with the French, he fought in more than 120 engagements, losing both an arm and an eye, and suffering all manner of injuries thanks to his daredevil nature.

Although Trafalgar was his greatest victory, others demonstrated even better his tactical awareness and daring.

At the Battle of the Nile in 1798, he risked manoeuvring his fleet between a line of French ships anchored in Aboukir Bay, and, after fierce fighting, destroyed 12 of them with no loss to his own fleet.

A year earlier, in the Battle of Cape St Vincent, he had laid his ship alongside the Spanish vessel St Nicolas, and led a boarding party to capture both it and the larger San Joseph.

It was at this time that he first gained hero status at home, enhanced when he lost his arm leading a landing party trying to take the island of Tenerife.

Scandal

It was at the Battle of Copenhagen in 1801 that he famously disobeyed orders by putting the telescope to the eye that had been blinded some years before at the battle of Calvi in Corsica. This was so as not to see the signal to withdraw. He went on to rout the Danes.

Lord Nelson not only possessed a broad streak of ruthlessness, he was a renowned self-publicist who ensured that every detail of his conquests was relayed back home.

Certain other conquests did not meet with the same approval by English society. Nelson had married Fanny Nisbet, a widow who he'd met on the West Indian island of Nevis.


But after the Battle of the Nile, while in Naples recovering from a head injury, he fell in love with the beautiful wife of the Ambassador there, Lady Hamilton.

Emma Hamilton had been a former prostitute, but had risen up the social ladder, to become a sophisticated, charismatic figure.

Despite her fluency in French and Neopolitan Italian, English society ridiculed her Cheshire accent.

That same society was scandalised by the fact that Nelson took her as his mistress and was, for a time, enjoying a ménage a trois with her and her elderly husband. The scandal deepened when Lady Hamilton bore Nelson's child, Horatia.

Hypocrisy abounded. Having a mistress was almost de rigeur among the aristocracy. Nelson's sin was his complete lack of discretion. On one famous occasion, he was publicly snubbed by King George III.

After his death, Emma was imprisoned for debt. She died a pauper. Letters Nelson had written to his daughter were deliberately withheld by a close friend.

Yet neither Lord Nelson's infidelity nor his huge vanity affected his iconic status with the public. He once said that "a glorious death is to be envied". Horatio Nelson fulfilled his wish.


 
June 26th, 2005   #2
CSmaster
 
he was definately the best navy commander during his time..


but i don't like him very much because I love Napolean more...he pretty much destroyed Napolean's hope of invading England
 
June 27th, 2005   #3
MontyB
 
 
Quote:
Originally Posted by CSmaster
he was definately the best navy commander during his time..


but i don't like him very much because I love Napolean more...he pretty much destroyed Napolean's hope of invading England
Of his time?.

Many would describe him as the best naval commander of ALL time, however I accept that is rather a subjective statement.

But the effect of his successes on a nation were phenomonal.


Anyone who has the power to make you believe absurdities has the power to make you commit injustices. - Voltaire 1694-1778
 
June 29th, 2005   #4
KC72
 
 
The 200 th anniversery went well, the firework display was fantastic.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/4627453.stm

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/war/tra...oo/index.shtml
 
July 1st, 2005   #6
MontyB
 
 
Napoleon had a hard time of it really, if he put to sea Nelson chased him down and every time he tried to move his armies Wellington was there to give him a kick in the cods.
 
July 11th, 2005   #7
Genghis Khan
 
Lord Nelson was a great man it sucks how he died though.
 
July 23rd, 2005   #8
LeEnfield
 
 
It is odd how in times of need such leaders seem to appear, the Navy had Nelson, and the Army had Wellington. Still back to Nelson, his father died while he was still very young and worked on sailing ships around the coast of Britain to earn money for his family. His mother had a friend that got him into the Navy as a midshipman where shined. By the time he was 20 he was a Captain with his own ship and he always lead from the front. At one time when they were in action against a three decker French ship, he was the first to board it and fight his way along the decks of the French ship, it would appear that he did not know what fear was for if there was action he there in the middle of it. He loved and admired by all those that served with him, not only was he brave but he would spot opening a battle and then exploit them to the full. He was one of those rare things in the forces of that day, a very much loved and respected leader by all ranks.
 
July 25th, 2005   #9
AikiRooster
 
 

How? info


Someone said it sucked how he died. How did he die?




Anger itself does more harm than the condition which aroused anger.
- Samurai maxim
 
July 25th, 2005   #10
KC72
 
 
The Victory (Lord Nelsons ship) was alongside and fighting The Redoutable, as he was on deck a french sniper in the Redoutable`s rigging shot him.

Quote:
The Redoutable then blocked Victory's way through the enemy line, and Nelson was immobilised on a ship fighting three opponents in the middle of the combined fleet - but he had administered the decisive stroke. Villeneuve was trapped on a crippled ship, and the Franco-Spanish centre was reduced to chaos, lacking the leadership to meet the irresistible British.

Nelson, his work done, continued to walk with Hardy, while the captain of the Redoutable tried to clear Victory's upper deck with musket fire and hand grenades. Then, at about 1.15pm, Nelson was hit by a 0.69in-diameter lead ball, which cut an artery in his lung and lodged in his spine. He was knocked to the deck, and it was clear the wound was mortal. Hardy had his chief carried below, where Surgeon William Beatty was hard at work on the mounting list of casualties.

Meantime the battle raged, with the faster and more effective British gunnery steadily wearing down the enemy. Over the next three hours the Franco-Spanish force would collapse. Nelson's attack had broken all the rules of tactics, treating a fleet waiting for a fight like one running away, substituting speed for mass, precision for weight, and accepting impossible odds.