About Knights of the 14th Century
|September 3rd, 2009||#1|
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Knights of the 14th Century info
I have a SOSE essay to do on knights of the 14th century, and I need to cover these points:
- Duties of a Knight
- Roles of a Knight
- Armour of a Knight
- Any code of conducts of a knight
- weapons of a knight
Im looking more info covering the armour. I am using books and websites but its always good to ask people here, for they can explain it more better
Thanks in advance.
|September 3rd, 2009||#8|
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Hm, 1st duty, to do what the superior told him to do.
Roles? collecting taxes, keeping the peasants at his property in line, showing up to fight if requested.
Armour? heavy leather and chainmail in the early middle ages up to full plated armour in the late middle ages, try to look up paintings at the net, e.g. maximilian of Bavaria (the last Knight).
Weapons: Sword, Dagger, Morningstar, Lance and no nay never a unknightly crossbow.
|September 4th, 2009||#9|
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|September 4th, 2009||#10|
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by the 14th century there were two main styles of armour- battle and decorative/ ceremonial. both were mainly composed of plate armour with the joints protected by layers of chain on the inner part and segmented plate upon the outer side. the ceremonial armour could serve in combat at a pinch; built ostensibly for show some of the more functional suits were made for the Tournament, but not the Joust where fluting was particularly dangerous. some decorationals were fluting, scrolling and enamelling. some suits might also be set with gold, silver and/ or gems to add to the knight's spectacle.
battle armour tended to be heavier and of a closer fit than ceremonial. a full suit, properly made, weighed about the same as the knight and should enable a fit knight to do a handstand! generally speaking a horse, knight and their collective armour came to about 500 kilos. fluting was sometimes employed to direct points away from joints in the armour; generally, however, no decoration was used on the armour itself.
by the fourteenth century armour was usually created and cared for by a specialist smith called an Armourer; in the employ of the most powerful lords he would answer to the Master Armourer who oversaw all smithing in the Lord's demesne. a separate smith was employed for weapons (sword smith usually or just weapon smith) on these larger estates but both could assist the other at a pinch.
the most common weapon of the knight at this stage was the mace aimed at the joints and a dagger at the eyes. sword and lance, though carried and used, were increasingly left to the Tournament and the Joust as armour had developed sufficiently to negate both in combat between knights. the morning star was a foot weapon only and therefore not favoured. an English weapon of note that became popular at this time with knights is the Lochaber (Lochabar) Axe. although it has an axe blade it was the other bits and pieces attached that made it devastating to the accomplished proponent.
any decent medieval history book will detail the rest for you. the various Oxford guides to medieval (Late medieval and reformation are other names for the period you are looking at) Europe/ England and Tudor England are both easy to read and highly detailed. more modern work by John Norwich (Lord North) and Michael Wood are incredibly readable.
one thing you must remember was that at this period the knight was much more than a soldier- though combat was his training and purpose most battles by this stage employed mercenaries who might be knights but usually not. the knight had become such an investment that his services and life were not to be risked recklessly.
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