About This day in military history.. Page 52
|April 16th, 2008||#511|
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1945: In the West, the Canadian First Army occupies Leeuwarden and Groningen in northern Holland. The US First Army captures Solingen and Wuppertal. In the East, the 1st Belorussian Front (Zhukov) and the 1st Ukrainian Front (Konev), from their Oder bridgeheads N and S of Frankfurt, launch their final great offensive against Berlin. In the Baltic off Hela, the German liner Goya is torpedoed by a Soviet submarine, killing 6,500 wounded soldiers and refugees.
1967:Operation Sea Dragon - HMAS Hobart begins involvement in Operation Sea Dragon.
1945: Groningen Netherlands - Canadians take Groningen after four-day battle. Halifax Nova Scotia - German U-Boat torpedoes Royal Canadian Navy minesweeper HMCS Esquimalt off Halifax.
1863 - Union gunboats pass Confederate batteries at Vicksburg
1947 - Act of Congress gives Navy Nurse Corps members commissioned rank
1959 - Helicopters from USS Edisto begin rescue operations in Montevideo, Uruguay. By 26 April they had carried 277 flood victims to safety.
1395: Azzo X d'Este is defeated at the Battle of Castelmaggiore by Venetian-Ferrarese troops.
1799: Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Mount Tabor – Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.
1862: American Civil War: Battle at Lee's Mills in Virginia.
1941: World War II: The Italian convoy Duisburg, directed to Tunisia, is attacked and destroyed by British ships.
1945:The Red Army begins the final assault on German forces around Berlin. The United States Army liberates Nazi Sonderlager (high security) Prisoner of War campOflag IVc .
1972 - Vietnam War: Nguyen Hue Offensive – Prompted by the North Vietnamese offensive, the United States resumes bombing of Hanoi and Haiphong.
1951 The British submarine Affray sank in the English Channel with the loss of 75 lives.
"It doesn't take a hero to order men into battle. It takes a hero to be one of those men who goes into battle." - Norman Schwarskopf, Commander of Desert Storm Operations
Last edited by tomtom22; September 8th, 2009 at 18:35..
|April 18th, 2008||#514|
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We crossed! Empire Ken had just brought me back from the canal zone, one of very last Battalions to leave. The locals lined the streets to cheer and flag our parade to the ship in our full no. 1 battle-dress, kilts and all, pipes and drums. Ah - The Tunes of Glory - works every time!
After we left, Nasser nationalised the Suez Canal.
Did you get stopped in your tracks by the politicians ?
English by the grace of God.
Last edited by Del Boy; April 18th, 2008 at 16:22..
|April 18th, 2008||#515|
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Ahhhhhhhhhhh the Empire Ken what a boat, two speeds slow and stop, we did in deed get stop by our political masters. I often wonder what would have happened if we had finished the job, and if there would have been so much rouble in the Middle East these days
|April 18th, 2008||#516|
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The night we left, with our whole battalion on board, City of Glasgow Regiment, national service days, there was a great deal of drinking in the bars. The battalion orderly sergeant was a bit concerned that he would not be able to close down, so our provost corporal a notoriously hard man at all times said he would be happy to do so. As he entered someone behind the doors hit him over head with a stool and the crew turned fast and stopped a group from throwing him over the side, reputedly. I was on duty and happened to be in the clinic when they brought him to patch him up. I asked him what he was up to and he said he just going back up to sort them out. Which is what he did as far as I know. Just a little skirmish I guess - high spirits and drink. He never had a problem again. And I know he survived very well for a great many years in my town, where his reputation was maintained.
As far as your action was concerned, I heard recently that you were only a few miles from success and needed very little more time. I hate to hear that referred to as a defeat.
|April 19th, 2008||#517|
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1941: The Yugoslav Army capitulates, the Wehrmacht taking 345,000 prisoners.
1961: Bay of Pig invasion The US try to start a people's revolution to overthrow Fidel Castro. They fail.
1917: Second battle of Gaza - This was the second failure to capture the Turkish coastal strongpoint at Gaza. Reinforced and prepared for an attack the Turks repulsed General Sir Archibald Murray's assault inflicting over 6,000 casualties on the attackers.
1945: Apeldoorn Netherlands - Canadians clear the Germans out of Apeldoorn.
1970: Yellowknife NWT - National Defence to make Yellowknife permanent headquarters for the Canadian military in the North.
1864: Confederate forces attack Plymouth, North Carolina, in an attempt to recapture ports lost to the Union two years before. The four-day battle ended with the fall of Plymouth, but the Yankees kept the city bottled up with a flotilla on nearby Albemarle Sound.
1778 - Sloop-in-war Ranger captures British brig
1895 - The Treaty of Shimonoseki between China and Japan is signed. This marks the end of the First Sino-Japanese War, and the defeated Qing Empire is forced to renounce its claims on Korea and to concede the southern portion of the Fengtienprovince, Taiwan and the Pescadores Islands to Japan.
1986 - Treaty signed, ending Three Hundred and Thirty Five Years' War between the Netherlands and the Isles of Scilly. (Editorial comment: Now that's really carrying a grudge!)
2002 - Four Canadian Forces soldiers are killed in Afghanistan by friendly fire from two U.S. Air ForceF-16s, the first deaths in a combat zone for Canada since the Korean War.
|April 19th, 2008||#518|
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1945: The British Second Army captures Ülzen and Lüneburg. The US Third Army captures Nürnberg and advances into Bohemia. In the East, the Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front captures Forst on the Neisse river. North of Frankfurt, the Soviet 1st Belorussian Front continues its attack to take the Seelow Heights, gradually wearing down the outnumbered German defenders.
1941:Tempe (or Pinios) Gorge, Greece - The 2/2nd and 2/3rd Battalions AIF and New Zealand 21st Battalion stemmed a German advance in a rearguard action that enabled the main Allied force in Greece to establish a new defensive line across the Thermopylae Peninsula.
1942:General Blamey appointed to command Allied land forces in the South West Pacific - In reality General MacArthur kept Blamey from having control over United States land forces in the Pacific during the Second World War.
1775: Revere and Dawes warn of British attack - British troops march out of Boston on a mission to confiscate the American arsenal at Concord and to capture Patriot leaders Samuel Adams and John Hancock, known to be hiding at Lexington. As the British departed, Boston Patriots Paul Revere and William Dawes set out on horseback from the city to warn Adams and Hancock and rouse the Minutemen.
1915: Germans shoot down French pilot Roland Garros - A member of the German Bahnschutzwache, or Railway Protection Guard, shoots down the well-known French airman Roland Garros in his flight over German positions in Flanders, France, on a bombing raid.
1942: Doolittle leads air raid on Tokyo - 16 American B-25 bombers, launched from the aircraft carrier USS Hornet 650 miles east of Japan and commanded by Lieutenant Colonel James H. Doolittle, attack the Japanese mainland. The now-famous Tokyo Raid did little real damage to Japan (wartime Premier Hideki Tojo was inspecting military bases during the raid; one B-25 came so close, Tojo could see the pilot, though the American bomber never fired a shot)--but it did hurt the Japanese government's prestige.
1945: Ernie Pyle killed at Okinawa - Pulitzer Prize-winning war correspondent Ernie Pyle was killed by Japanese machine-gun fire on the island of Ie Shima off the coast of Okinawa. Extremely popular, especially with the average GI, whose life and death he reported on (American infantrymen braved enemy fire to recover Pyle's body), Pyle had been at the London Blitz of 1941 and saw action in North Africa, Italy, France, and the Pacific. A monument exists to him to this day on Ie Shima, describing him simply as "a buddy."
1797 - Battle of Neuwied resulted in the victory of French under GeneralLouis Lazare Hoche against Austrians under GeneralWermecek.
1945 - World War II: Over 1,000 bombers attack the small island of Heligoland, Germany, leaving nothing standing.
1988 - U.S. launches Operation Praying Mantis against Iranian naval forces in retaliation for the April 14mining of the USS Samuel B. Roberts (FFG-58 in the Persian Gulf during Operation Earnest Will. The one-day action is the world's largest naval battle since World War II.
1848 - U.S. Navy expedition to explore the Dead Sea and the River Jordan, commanded by LT William F. Lynch, reaches the Dead Sea.
1906 - Navy assists in relief operations during San Francisco earthquake and fire
1942 - USS Hornet launches Doolittle's Army bombers for first attack on Japan
1988 - Navy destroys 2 Iranian surveillance platforms, sinks one frigate and one patrol ships, and severely damages a second frigate in retaliation for attack on USS Samuel B. Roberts
1940: British submarine Starlet sunk off Norway. Germans advance further north of Oslo. More British troops are landed at Aandalesnes in Norway with the plan of co-operating with the British and French troops already at Namsos to surround and then retake Trondheim. However, the Norwegian commander, General Ruge persuaded the Aandalesnes force, to move south in order to give support to his troops still holding out at Lillehammer.
1941: The German 12th Army forces a crossing of the river Aliakmon between the Greek First Army and the British forces. Athens is placed under martial law. Greek Prime Minister, Alexandros Korizis commits suicide.
1942: The entire US eastern seaboard is ordered to black-out its lights at night, in an attempt to reduce the success of the U-boats at night.
1943: US fighter aircraft in a planned raid, intercept Admiral Yamamoto’s plane over Bougainville and shoot it down, killing the Admiral. The German 17th Army begins its attacks to eliminate the Russian beachhead at Novorossiysk, but fails and gives up on the 23rd April.
1944: The first reinforcements for the British garrison at Kohima begin to arrive. Japanese forces launch a new offensive in central China. The Russians take Balaclava.
1945: The British Fourteenth Army in central Burma captures the Chaulk oil centre on the Irrawaddy. Between Stettin and Schwedt the 2nd Belorussian front breaks through the Oder defenses, pressuring Army Group Weichsel even more. The 1st Ukrainian Front captures Forst on the Neisse river. North of Frankfurt, while the 1st Belorussian Front continues its attack to take the Seelow Heights, gradually wearing down the vastly outnumbered German defenders. The Ruhr pocket is finally annihilated, with 317,000 Germans being captured, including 29 generals. The U.S. Ninth Army takes Magdeburg. The U.S. First Army enters Düsseldorf. General De Lattre’s French troops link up at Freudenstadt behind the Black Forest. The British Second Army captures Ülzen and Lüneburg. The US Third Army captures Nürnberg advancing units across the German/Czechoslovakian frontier.
|April 20th, 2008||#519|
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1945: The US Ninth Army captures Leipzig. In the East, the Red Army breaks through the German defenses both N and S of Frankfurt, and despite heavy losses in men and tanks (over 400 in two days), continues to advance toward Berlin. On the eve of Hitler's 56th birthday, Dr. Goebbels exhorts the nation and predicts that in spite of all misfortunes Germany will yet prevail, that the "perverse coalition between Bolshevism and Plutocracy" is about to break up, and that it is Adolf Hitler ("Our Hitler!") who will still turn back the tide and save Europe, as he has thus far, from falling into the clutches of the Kremlin.
1587: English captain Francis Drake sinks the Spanish fleet in Cadiz harbour
1775: Minutemen Capt John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon. A shot is fired and the American revolution begins at the Lexington Common. That was the "shot heard round the world"
1968: Dedication of the Desert Mounted Corps Memorial - The Memorial, on ANZAC Parade, was dedicated by Prime Minister John Gorton. The Memorial is a copy of the original unveiled at Port Said, Egypt by former Prime Minister William Morris Hughes in 1932.
1967: Over North Vietnam, Air Force Maj. Leo K. Thorsness, from the 357th Tactical Fighter Squadron, and his electronic warfare officer, Capt. Harold E. Johnson, destroy two enemy surface-to-air missile sites, and then shoot down a MiG-17 before escorting search-and-rescue helicopters to a downed aircrew. Although his F-105 fighter-bomber was very low on fuel, Major Thorsness attacked four more MiG-17s in an effort to draw the enemy aircraft away from the downed aircrew. Awarded the Medal of Honor for his courageous action, Major Thorsness did not receive his medal until 1973--on April 30, 1967, he was shot down over North Vietnam and spent the next six years as a prisoner of war.
1783 - George Washington proclaims end of hostilities
1861 - President Lincoln orders blockade of Southern ports from SC to Texas
1955 - USS Albany and USS William Wood begin to provide disaster relief to citizens of Volos, Greece, ending 21 April
1809 - The army of Austria attacks and is defeated by the forces of the Duchy of Warsaw in the Battle of Raszyn, part of the struggles of the Fifth Coalition.
|April 20th, 2008||#520|
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1941: British forces in Greece retreat from Mt. Olympus.
1945: From its Oder bridgeheads S of Stettin, the Soviet 2nd Belorussian Front (Rokossovsky) launches an offensive toward Neubrandenburg, Stralsund and Rostock, while Soviet heavy artillery begins a continuous bombardment of Berlin. But the cost of victory is high: In the battle for Berlin, Soviet tank losses between April 1 and 19 amount to 2,807. During the same period, the Allies in the West lose 1,079 tanks.
1915:First half-flight, Australian Flying Corps, sailed for the Baghdad expedition - This was the first use of Australian aircraft and aircrew in war. 1941: ANZAC Corps withdraw to Thermopylae Line, Greece - The Greek campaign ended in disaster for the Allies. Unable to hold out against superior and better organised German forces, the Allies were forced to evacuate their troops from Greece in late April 1941.
1910: Parliament passes a Bill setting up the Royal Canadian Navy.
1918: Government calls up men from ages of 20 to 22 for military service.
1796 - Congress authorizes completion of 3 frigates
1861 - Norfolk Navy Yard abandoned and burned by Union forces.
1914 - In first call to action of naval aviators, detachment on USS Birmingham sailed to Tampico, Mexico.
1915 - First Navy contract for lighter-than-air craft awarded.
1942 - USS Wasp (CV-7) launches 47 British aircraft to reinforce Malta
1947 - CAPT L.O. Fox, USN, supported by 80 Marines, accepted the surrender of LT Yamaguchi and 26 Japanese soldiers and sailors, two and one half years after the occupation of Peleliu and nearly 20 months after the surrender of Japan.
1953 - USS New Jersey shells Wonsan, Korea from inside the harbor.
1964 - USS Henry Clay (SSBN-625) launches a Polaris A-2 missile from the surface in first demonstration that Polaris submarines could launch missiles from the surface as well as from beneath the ocean. 30 minutes later the submarine launched another Polaris missile while submerged.
1775 - American Revolutionary War: the siege of Boston begins, which followed the first battles at Lexington and Concord.
1792 - France declares war on Austria, the beginning of French Revolutionary Wars.
1918 - Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day.
1945 - World War II: U.S. B-29 bombers destroy the Musashi Aircraft plants, halting production of the Nakajima Ki-84 fighter planes.
1918: Ottawa Ontario - Government calls up men from ages of 20 to 22 for military service.
1910: Ottawa Ontario - Parliament passes a Bill setting up the Royal Canadian Navy.
1657: The Spanish fleet at Santa Cruz was destroyed by the English under Admiral Blake.