1941: German troops capture Zagreb in Yugoslavia. Ante Pavelic, Croatian Fascist leader, returns from Italian exile and proclaims the independent state of Croatia, with him as Poglavnik (leader).
1944: German forces of Heeresgruppe Ukraine evacuate Odessa on the Black Sea and withdraw to the west bank of the Dnestr river. In the West, Us and British air forces begin an offensive against German airfields and communications in France and Belgium.
1945: The US Ninth Army (Simpson) captures Essen in the Ruhr. In another heavy attack against Kiel, the RAF sinks the heavy cruiser Admiral Scheer. The US 8th Air Force launches its heaviest raid to date (1,232 bombers) against Berlin.
1941: 6th Division engage the Germans in Greece - The Greek campaign, involving forces from Greece, Britain, New Zealand and Australia, resulted in heavy losses to the 6th Australian Division and ultimately an evacuation of Allied forces from beaches in southern Creece.
1941: Siege of Tobruk, Libya, begins - Tobruk was surrounded on three sides by the German Afrika Korps in April and remained besieged, but able to be re-supplied by sea, until December. Most Australian, however, left Tobruk between August and October.
source: http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/thismonth/index.asp 1741
- War of the Austrian Succession
in the Battle of Mollwitz
- American Civil War
: A day after his surrender to Union
forces, Confederate General Robert E. Lee
addresses his troops for the last time. 1941
- World War II
: The Axis Powers
establish the Independent State of Croatia
from occupied Yugoslavia
with Ante Pavelić's Ustase
in power. 1944
- Rudolf Vrba
and Alfred Wetzler
escape from Auschwitz II
1972 - Vietnam War
: For the first time since November 1967 American B-52 bombers
reportedly begin bombing North Vietnam